Education under the Pandemic Workshop and Book of Readings

Apr 1 - 1 2021, online 

Article Submission Guidelines

Article submission period: 18 Aug 2020 - 29 Oct 2020.

No Charge for Article Submission and no charge for publication for ISI members.

Education under the Pandemic Workshop and Book of Readings (covid) is a publication of the Informing Science Institute (ISI), and so does not charge for submitting papers to the journal.  ISI members pay no publication fee. 

Non-members can join once their paper is accepted to avoid paying an article publication charge (APC) or pay a small APC which is the same amount as membership. This allows ISI to provide readers with free access to papers. ISI is a truly scientific organization, not a commercial enterprise masquerading as a professional organization. We believe in the free dissemination of high-quality research.

Papers accepted for publication are published under a Creative Commons license and bear the following notice:

(CC BY-NC 4.0) This article is licensed to you under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. When you copy and redistribute this paper in full or in part, you need to provide proper attribution to it to ensure that others can later locate this work (and to ensure that others do not accuse you of plagiarism). You may (and we encourage you to) adapt, remix, transform, and build upon the material for any non-commercial purposes. This license does not permit you to use this material for commercial purposes.
Since this is an open access journal, readers are provided the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, and link to the full texts of articles in the Journal.  We encourage readers to use, reuse and build upon the material in the Journal for non-commercial purposes as long as attribution is given when appropriate or necessary. Take care to give attribution since plagiarism is a serious academic offense.

(Papers that have been approved after review must be formatted camera-ready prior to final acceptance.  We prefer that authors do their own formatting.  But we provide a formatting service (currently $100 USD) as an option.  For those with the budget and without the time, we will hire a fellow ISI member on your behalf to do the routine formatting to bring the wording into the standard format we use.  Keep in mind that formatting is not the same as copy editing. The formatter does not restructure or clarify your wording. We encourage those who are not familiar with writing in journal English to take on a co-author or to hire their own copy editor competent to help with journal papers.  Authors are encouraged to make their own arrangement prior to submitting their paper.  Some universities provide these services for their researchers. ISI members can use the Peer Directory to locate ISI members interested in becoming co-authors. If your paper is accepted pending final formatting, let you editor know if you wish to hire a formatter.  The editor will note this in the "paper's notes" and the publisher will have you pay the fee before hiring the formatter.)

Our 5 "C"s

Similar to the APA style manual guidelines (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 376-377), we seek to publish papers that do the following:  
(a) contribute significantly to the content area covered by the journal,
(b) communicate with clarity and conciseness, and
(c) conform to the journal’s style guidelines.
In short, we seek to publish papers that communicate a clear and concise contribution that conforms to our style.

Check ISI Journals for Current Relevant Research

Be sure that your submission benefits from relevant current research by checking at or . Enter keywords for your research into the search box to see to determine if there is current research that can strengthen your submission.

Timeframe for Review

Typically, within three weeks from submission the Editor-in-Chief Christopher Cheong will contact the corresponding author with news of whether or not the submission will be advanced to the first round of reviews (or is being rejected as not suitable for publication in the journal). (If you do not hear from the Editor-in-Chief Christopher Cheong in a month, feel free to contact Christopher Cheong at Recognize that these suggested timeframes may be unattainable when the Editor-in-Chief has higher priority work constraints.
If the submission is accepted for the first round of reviews, a panel of reviewers and Editor will assigned to blind review the submission is that often called double-blind. This means that the reviewers do not know the submission author's identity and the author is never privy to the names of the reviewers.

Typically the first round of review concludes approximately 10 weeks later with the Editor sending the corresponding author a letter regarding acceptance. Whether or not the paper will be advanced for further review or publication, at the conclusion of the review, the Editor provides the author with a development letter using the input of the reviewers.  The decision may be to reject, conditionally accept pending specified revisions, or accept the paper. Most commonly papers that are accepted require several rounds of revision. Since the submission may require several rounds of review and most of this time is determined by how promptly the author responds, there is no meaningful average time between submission and publication or rejection. While most rejections occur within one week of submission, submissions may be rejected during any point during the review cycle.

Format for Accepted chapters

When your paper is accepted for publication, you will be required to re-submit the final, formatted copy of your paper. The formatting guidelines for accepted chapters can be found here. This document is a MS Word template that contains the Style Set for publications and the instructions for applying these styles to your document. If you do not use MS Word, just print the document and follow its instructions.

Published papers follow the APA Guidelines, 7th edition and a summary of these guidelines can be found at

Because the contents of a paper may shift during formatting, make figures so they can be moved and/or resized easily. As explained in the detailed guidelines, this can best be done by inserting figures as pictures.

After the paper has been accepted, in addition to adding the name, affiliation, city, and country for each author at the beginning of the paper, end the paper with a Biography section that contains a brief paragraph or two about each author. Please insert a head-and-shoulders photo of the author beside the biographical information.


Prior to final acceptance, the Editor will instruct the author to return a fully formatted paper for final review. When satisfied that the paper meets Informing Science standards, the Editor will send it to the Informing Science publisher who will do the final formatting and quality control.

How to Submit Your Manuscript

Authors submit their manuscripts electronically using the submission and review system. All manuscripts must be the authors' original, unpublished work. The manuscript must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. 

We check all submissions for plagiarism.  Please see our Ethics policy; we take plagiarism seriously.

Article Formatting Instructions

Download Template for a cleaner copy of these instructions

Formatting Guidelines for Book Chapters

Using this File to Format your Chapter

If you are not using Word as your word processor, print this document and read more about the required formatting guidelines. However, if you are using Word, you can (and should) save time by using this file to attach the correct paragraph formatting to your paper. This file contains not only instructions for you, but also instructions for Word on how to format paragraphs as Heading 1, Heading 2, and such.

Different versions of Word have different ways of saving these formatting styles on your computer.  First, open this document on your computer.

  • If you are using Word 2010, select the Home tab, click on Change Styles and then Style Set. Scroll to the bottom of the list of styles and select Save as Quick Style Set. Save these styles as a Quick Style Set giving it a meaningful name.
  • If you are using Word 2016 or later, select the Design tab and click on the pull down arrow at the right of the display of designs. Select Save as New Style Set. Save these styles and give it a meaningful name.

To attach the styles to a blank document or one that you have already created, do the following. Open the document.

  • If you are using Word 2010, select the Home tab, click on Change Styles and then Style Set. The name you gave the style set should appear in the list. Click on it to attach it to your file.
  • If you are using Word 2016, select the Design tab and click on the pull down arrow at the right of the display of designs. The Style Set you saved should appear under Custom. Click on the name to attach it to your document.

If you don’t want to save the styles, save this document under a new name. Delete from the top of page 2 to the end. You will have the correct formatting for the first page and the paragraphs, as well as the paragraph styles and can copy and paste your paper into it.

General Information

Prepare your manuscript in Microsoft Word or export it from a different word processor into RTF format, following the specifications that we show here.

For papers that deal with data analysis, make the data available to readers via a link you place in your paper to a website where you store your data, if at all possible.  We can help.

When you submit your paper for review, make sure that you have anonymized your paper by removing all references to yourself or your institution. Make sure these are removed from the document properties as well. To have your paper reviewed, you need first to submit a “blinded” version (without author or affiliation information) that can be blind reviewed. After your paper is accepted, add the author information.

While there are no regulations on length, it will be exceptional for an article to exceed 20,000 words.

Language and Grammar Consistency

We publish papers written in English. If you have questions on English grammar or punctuation, search the web for guidance. You can find an excellent guide at  

While we prefer the use of U.S. spelling, we also accept other versions of English as long as they are used consistently throughout the paper.

Use of the singular “they”

When the gender of a person is unknown, the use of the singular “they” is accepted. Do not use expressions such as “s/he” or “his or her.” For example, “Each student submitted their art portfolio to the committee” is correct. If using the singular “they” as a generic third-person pronoun seems awkward, try rewording the sentence or using the plural, such as “All students submitted their art portfolios to the committee” or “The art portfolio of each student was submitted to the committee.” More information about this is at and 


First Page Layout

Put "Chapter X:" follwed by the Title of your paper at the top of the first page. The chapter number will be assigned later.

Author information (added after paper has been accepted)

Once the Editor has accepted your paper, insert the full name, the affiliation (University or Company), City, Country, and email address for each author on the first page.

Also include a short biography and a head-and-shoulders photo (if available) for each author at the end of the paper. 

What to put in the abstract

The abstract is a brief summary of the contents of the article; it should give enough information to make the reader want to learn more about your research. But it needs to be concise.

Body of Paper

Introduction or background

All papers should begin with an introduction that sets the stage for the discussion. For some disciplines, it more appropriate to use Background as an alternative first section.


The body is a collection of multiple sections describing the main content of the paper. You should use up to three levels of headings to categorize content as deemed necessary: Heading 1, Heading 2, and Heading 3.


This section summarizes the paper, presents challenges, suggests future study, and so on to create a lasting impression of the paper.


If there is an appendix, place it after the References and before the Biography. If there is more than one appendix, add a letter after “Appendix.”

If you have used a questionnaire in a study, include a copy of it as an appendix.


Following the conclusion is a list of all references used in the body of the paper. The current APA formatting guidelines are used to make internal citations within the body as well as provide the complete alphabetic list of reference citations at the end of the paper. (See the Entering References section for more details.) The References list contains only works cited in the paper and all works cited in the paper must be listed in the References section.

Biography(ies) with Picture

After the paper is accepted, for each author of the paper, please provide a one or two paragraph biography that describes the author’s background relevant to this article. If you have one, insert a head-and-shoulder photo to the left of the biography of each author or send it separately and we will insert it.

Page Formatting   

To make it easier to read the paper online, use single column formatting for the paper.

Page Size

Set the paper size to 6"x9"


Select Mirror Margins. Top and bottom margins should be 1 inch. Set left and right margins to 0.75 inches. Select Mirror Margins and set the Gutter to 0.25.

Headers and Footers

Select different odd and even and different first page headers and footers with margins of 0.5 from the edge.

Insert page numbers in the footer. We will add the remaining information for the headers, and footers.


Hyphenate the text in the document. To turn on hyphenation:

  • Click on the Layout tab on the ribbon.
  • In the Page Setup group select Hyphenation.
  • Check Automatically hyphenate document.


Footnotes should not be used. Instead, insert your clarifications within the body of the paper. The editors may remove footnotes and place the material within the text.

Paragraph Styles        

If you have not attached these styles to your paper, use Word’s default paragraph styles for your document, making just the changes indicated below.


Do not number headings. Enter the headings with no outline numbers or letters in front of them.

Document title

Use the Title style for the title of your document. It is centered with 12 pt before and 3 pt spacing after. The font for this style is Arial, 18 point, Bold.

Capitalize the first letter of every major word. Do not use all upper case.

Author information on first page.

Enter the autor information below the title using the Book Author style. The font is Arial, 12 pt, bold, italic. The paragraph is centered with 12 pt before and 3 pt after.

First level headings

Use the Heading 1 style for major headings. The font for this style is Arial, 14 point, Bold.

The paragraph formatting has a 12 point space before and 3 point space after it. The “Keep with Next” property is selected.

Capitalize the first letter of every major word. Do not use all upper case.

Second level headings

Use the Heading 2 style for second level headings. The font for this heading is Arial, 14 point, Bold, Italic. The space before the paragraph is 12 point and the space after is 3 point. The “Keep with Next” property is selected.

Capitalize the first letter of every major word in second level headings. Do not use all upper case.

Third level headings

Use the Heading 3 style for third level headings. The font for this heading is Arial, 11 point, Bold. The space before the paragraph is 12 point and the space after is 3 point. The “Keep with Next” property is selected.

Capitalize only the first word and proper nouns in this heading.

Text Paragraphs

Use the Normal style for paragraphs of text. The paragraph is justified, single-spaced with no indentation. and has a 6-point space before it and 0 after it. The font for this style is 11 point Garamond. Do not put blank lines between paragraphs.

Other types text of paragraphs

Fourth level. Three levels of headings are enough for most papers. If you need another level, such as for this paragraph, use the Normal style and place the heading at the beginning of the paragraph in bold font.

Lists. Use Word’s automatic bullet or number formats for lists.

References: Use the RefBook style. The paragraph is left-aligned with a hanging indent of 0.25 and 6 pt spacing before and 0 pt after. The font is 11 pt Garamond.

Figures and Tables         

A table is data presented in tabular format with rows and columns. A figure is any other pictorial representation of data such as graphs or drawings. Each figure or table must be numbered and have a brief caption that describes it. Every figure or table must be referenced in the body of the paper. Table 1 is an example of a table and Figure 1 is an example of a figure.

Table 1. Example of a table












































Figure 1. Example of a figure

The caption for tables is placed above the table; the caption for figures is placed below the figure.

Since all accepted papers need to be reformatted before publication, it is important that all figures and tables can be easily resized and/or moved. Since tables and figures may be moved during the final formatting, do not use “above” or “following” when referring to them; just give the table or figure number. Tables may be inserted directly into the paper or placed on a separate page at the end of the paper.

There are two ways to submit figures.

  1. insert the figure, formatted as a picture that can be resized. It is best if it is inserted directly into the paper with “in line” wrapping.
  2. send figures as PowerPoint slides in a separate file and, within the paper, indicate where they are to appear,

Do not send figures formatted as separate text boxes or groups of images on the page.

Copyright and Creative Common License  

We will publish your paper under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License and the author/editor of the book retains the copyright.

By submitting the paper, as author you certify the following:

  1. You hold copyright for this submission and transfer copyright to the editor of the book.
  2. You warrant that you have not infringed on any copyright and assume full liability in case of copyright dispute.

Copyright Issues for Figures

There are three common sources of figures.

  1. Figures you have copied from another source, including a web site. You must contact the holder of the copyright for the image and get permission to use it. Cite the source and add “used with permission.”
  2. Figures that you create based on another’s work. You do not need to get permission, but include in the citation “adapted from” or “based on” and give the source.
  3. Figures that are your original work. Since you hold the copyright for these, there are no copyright issues.

Entering References   

References are to follow the current American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines. We have placed a summary of these guidelines on the web at

Begin the reference section with "References” using a Heading 1 style. Place the reference entries in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author. Within the text of your paper, cite sources by placing the author’s last name and the date in parentheses.

Reference list. In the reference list, when a work has up to (and including) 20 authors, list all authors (last name followed by initials). Place a comma after the last name of each author and after that author’s initial(s). Place an ampersand (&) before the last author. If there are more than 20 authors, provide last names and initials of first 19 authors, insert three ellipsis points, and add the last author’s name. Follow the authors by the date, the title, and the source.

In-text citations. If a work has two authors, include both authors in each in-text citation (Boyd & Cohen, 2003). If the work has three or more authors, in all in-text citations place only the first author followed by et al. (Gill et al., 2019).

DOIs and URLs in Reference list. When citing sources from the Web, include the year of publication or the most recent update. End the entry with a DOI if it has one. If it does not have a DOI, end the entry with the URL. Do not end the path statement or a DOI with a period. DOIs can be found by going to and entering the reference entry. DOIs begin with followed by numbers and letters that identify the document, for example,


(Leave this blank when submitting for review.)

AuthorPhotoInclude one or two short paragraphs about each author. Please include a head and shoulder photo of each author. You should include this photo and bio when you are asked to upload your final, formatted, camera ready copy.  However, if you need to, you can send the photos by email to as separate attachments and we will insert them for you.

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