International Journal of Doctoral Studies (IJDS)

Online ISSN: 1556-8873  •  Print ISSN: 1556-8881

Published Articles


Volume 15, 2020

Michael Jones
Table of Contents for Volume 15, 2020, of the International Journal of Doctoral Studies
IJDS, International Journal of Doctoral Studies, PhD, doctoral studies
.i - v
Dawn Culpepper, KerryAnn O'Meara, Amy Ramirez
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand how one graduate program shaped doctoral students’ scholarly identities as interdisciplinary scientists.

Background: Scholarly identity refers to the ways individuals see themselves as legitimate, contributing members of their academic community. However, much of the research on scholarly identity focuses on students and faculty within tradi ...
graduate education, scholarly identity, interdisciplinary research
1 - 28
Laura Roberts
Aim/Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to reveal the assessment tools and a theory preferred to mentor doctoral students with integrity and trustworthiness. The connection between mentors’ feelings of trustworthiness and protégé success were explored.

Background: This study examines the concept presented in 1983, 1985, and 1996 by Kram of mentor relations (MR) theory, which illustrates th ...
doctoral mentoring, mentor trustworthiness, mentor integrity, transformation to independent scholar, protégé development
29 - 56
Hyrine Mueni Matheka, Ellen E.P.W.A. Jansen, Adriaan W.H.A Hofman
Aim/Purpose: Kenya plans to be a middle-income country by the year 2030. To achieve this development target, the country has rapidly expanded its university sub-sector in order to produce the requisite skilled professionals. This has put a strain on the available PhD holders thus heightening the pressure on universities to produce more PhD graduates to meet the required larger pool of highly quali ...
PhD students’ success, background characteristics, program characteristic, mode of study
57 - 74
Erika Burton
Aim/Purpose: This study investigates the professional development needs of educators with a Master’s degree and seeking or having a doctoral degree in education.

Background: Understanding the professional development needs of educators is important for meeting these needs. The literature focuses on post-bachelor education but does not address professional development and doctoral degree needs.

M ...
professional development, doctorate success, doctorate barriers, doctorate pro-gram, education doctorate, doctorate
75 - 87
Rebecca G. Mirick, Stephanie P Wladkowski
Aim/Purpose: This study explored the experiences of women doctoral students and their perceptions of the impact of this experience on their academic careers.

Background: While more women than men graduate from doctoral programs in all non-STEM fields, women are more likely to take non-tenure positions or positions at less prestigious programs such as community colleges or teaching focused institu ...
parenting, doctoral education, motherhood, supports, academia
89 - 110
Jason A LaFrance, Diane LaFrance, Teri D Melton
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this exploratory qualitative case study was to understand dissertation chair agency, chair preparation, and academic supports provided by experienced Educational Leadership Ed.D. dissertation chairs in the United States.

Background: Previous research has identified attrition rates of 50-60 percent in education doctoral programs. This research helps identify the facu ...
doctoral dissertations, dissertation chair, doctoral attrition, doctoral reten-tion, graduation rate, educational leadership programs, educational leader-ship faculty development
111 - 133
Delma M Ramos, Varaxy Yi
Aim/Purpose: This qualitative study examined the racist and sexist experiences of doctoral women of color in the academy.

Background: Doctoral women of color (e.g., Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, Latina Americans, and Native Americans) continue to experience racism and sexism in academic spaces. While few studies have explored the experiences of doctoral students of color ...
women of color, doctoral students, racist incidents, sexist incidents, oppression, marginalization, resistance, achievement, empowerment
135 - 158
Devasmita Chakraverty
Aim/Purpose: This US-based study explored various facets of impostor phenomenon experienced during PhD training in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Specifically, the purpose of this research was to identify certain experiences that trigger this phenomenon.

Background: Competent high-achievers who do not believe in their efforts leading to accomplishments sometimes experi ...
impostor phenomenon, impostor syndrome, doctoral training, STEM training, graduate school, mindset
159 - 179
Juliann S McBrayer, Steven Tolman, Katherine Fallon
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between doctoral students’ candidacy examination scores and estimated time to degree completion, measured by dissertation progression.

Background: Time to degree completion in doctoral programs continues to be an issue and reasons for high attrition rates for doctoral students are broad and include varied core com ...
doctoral program, comprehensive examination, candidacy examination, degree completion, Doctor of Education, EdD
181 - 198
Shametrice Davis, Leslie Reese, Cecelia S Griswold
Aim/Purpose: This paper examines the experiences of African American students in a doctor of education program at a comprehensive university in Southern California.

Background: Qualitative case study methodology and critical race theory is used to highlight asset rather than deficit narratives of the participants, illuminating another aspect of commonly understood experiences for underrepresented ...
African Americans, critical race theory, doctoral education
199 - 216
Doreen Forbrig
Aim/Purpose: While scientists play a crucial role within modern knowledge societies, the attractiveness of scientific careers in Germany is moderate due to career uncertainty and the limited perspectives of long-term retention in academia. This study identifies (intra-individual) changes in the career intentions of early career researchers. Furthermore, supporting factors for the stability of rese ...
research career intention, early career researchers, stability of research career intentions, scientific career, impostor phenomenon
217 - 235
Dr. Mansour Saleh Alabdulaziz
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the challenges Saudi doctoral students studying in UK universities face with their supervisors, shed light on their experiences, and examine the extent to which these experiences impact their ability to complete their thesis. Furthermore, the aim is to examine the aspects of supervision the students found to be effective during their studies.

doctoral students, supervisors, UK universities, experiences and challenges
237 - 263
Elke Stracke, Vijay Kumar
Aim/Purpose: This paper introduces the Feedback Expectation Tool (FET) as an easy-to-use and flexible pedagogical tool to encourage dialogue on feedback between supervisors and candidates. The main aim of this pedagogical innovation is to allow negotiation to understand expectations and establish boundaries through transparent practices.

Background: Feedback is a key element of learning and devel ...
dialogue, doctoral supervision, expectations, feedback, Feedback Expecta-tion Tool (FET)
265 - 284
Ali Shafiq, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Anbareen Jan
Aim/Purpose: This paper found some factors which influence research supervisees’ selection of their research supervisors.

Background: Research on supervisor-supervisee relationship is mostly conducted when research students have already initiated their studies. Research on how a supervisor is selected before the research begins is researched less. How do supervisees select their supervisors? Wh ...
research supervision, supervisee-supervisor relationship, postgraduate re-search, SEM, AMOS
285 - 304
Meredith L Conrey, Gene Roberts, Jr., Melissa R Fadler, Matias M Garza, Clifford V Johnson, Jr., Misty Rasmussen
Aim/Purpose: Limited research exists on the perceived value that a doctoral degree has on higher education administrators’ goals; therefore, this collective case study had two purposes. The first was to assess qualitatively the perceptions of four doctorate-holding higher education administrators to explore the potential value associated with their degrees, and the second was to determine whether ...
doctoral degree, perception of value, human capital theory, qualitative re-search methods, higher education administration, professional goals
305 - 327
Devasmita Chakraverty
Aim/Purpose: This mixed-methods research study examined impostor phenomenon during postdoctoral training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) through the following research question: “What are the manifestations of the impostor phenomenon experienced during postdoctoral training in STEM?”

Background: The impostor phenomenon occurs when competent, high-achieving students and ...
impostor phenomenon, impostor syndrome, higher education, post-doctoral training, socialization, STEM, STEM postdocs, transition
329 - 352
Julia Kirk, Andrew Courtner
Aim/Purpose: Many researchers have investigated factors related to why doctoral candidates do or do not persist in a doctoral program, yet, literature was not found where researchers investigated the relationship between self-directed learning and currently enrolled EdD candidates. The authors sought to understand EdD candidates’ self-direction in learning at the onset of their EdD program. The fi ...
doctoral candidate, education, self-directed learning
353 - 371
Sylvia Mendez, Katie Johanson, Valerie Martin Conley, Kinnis Gosha, Naja A Mack, Comas Haynes, Rosario A Gerhardt
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the efficacy of simulated interactive virtual conversations (chatbots) for mentoring underrepresented minority doctoral engineering students who are considering pursuing a career in the professoriate or in industry.

Background: Chatbots were developed under the National Science Foundation INCLUDES Design and Developments Launch Pilot award (17 ...
chatbot, supplemental mentoring, engineering, underrepresented minority doctoral students
373 - 392
Shaoan Zhang, Chengcheng Li, Mark Carroll, P. G. Schrader
Aim/Purpose: Most programs are designed with full-time doctoral students’ characteristics and needs in mind; few programs consider the unique needs of part-time doctoral students, including time restrictions, experiences during the program, identity development, and different professional aspirations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential differences between part-time and full-ti ...
situated learning, mentoring, technology, part-time doctoral student, program design
393 - 414
Joanna Szen-Ziemianska
Aim/Purpose: One approach to helping doctoral students deal with the many challenges they face is the provision of a structured mentoring programme to complement the more traditional doctoral curriculum and supervisor relationship. This paper reports a mentoring programme containing such activities as individual consultations and peer-mentoring workshops, introduced at one of the non-public univer ...
doctoral education, doctoral students, mentoring programme, peer-mentoring, psychosocial support
415 - 431
Devasmita Chakraverty
Aim/Purpose: This study examined experiences related to the impostor phenomenon among Black doctoral and postdoctoral scholars in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).

Background: Research on the impostor phenomenon is usually focused on undergraduates, especially for Blacks, with sparse research on Black doctoral and postdoctoral scholars. This phenomenon was originally inves ...
impostor phenomenon, impostor syndrome, Black, STEM, doctoral train-ing, postdoctoral training, higher education, STEM PhD, STEM postdoc-toral scholar
433 - 460
Devasmita Chakraverty, Donna B Jeffe, Katherine P Dabney, Robert H Tai
Aim/Purpose: In response to widespread efforts to increase the size and diversity of the biomedical-research workforce in the U.S., a large-scale qualitative study was conducted to examine current and former students’ training experiences in MD (Doctor of Medicine), PhD (Doctor of Philosophy), and MD-PhD dual-degree programs. In this paper, we aimed to describe the experiences of a subset of study ...
MD-PhD program, doctoral training challenges, biomedical-research work-force, attrition, medical education
461 - 483
Laura Roberts
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine tough-love mentoring theory (TLM) as a potential way to address the problem of low graduation rates among doctoral students.

Background: In order to address this purpose, the researcher presents the following: a) a validation study for assessment tools pertaining to TLM and b) a validation study of TLM theory and its two sub-theories: mentor ...
doctoral mentoring, tough-love mentoring theory, mentor integrity and trustworthiness theory, mentors’ high standards theory
485 - 516
Hanna Nori, Marja H Peura, Arto Jauhiainen
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive picture of doctoral students’ dissertation journeys using Finland as a case country. More specifically, the article examines (1) the students’ backgrounds, (2) their study motives and experiences, and (3) whether or not these elements are related.

Background: Despite the massification of higher education (HE), there is a shortage o ...
doctoral students, doctoral education, doctoral capital, cluster analysis, content analysis
517 - 539
Jayson W Richardson, Marsha Carr, Jeremy L. D. Watts
Aim/Purpose: This study focuses on how a short-term international study abroad program to England impacted doctoral students’ cultural competencies.

Background: The case study captures the experiences of six school leadership doctoral students who traveled abroad to East London, England. The overarching goal of this experience was to improve their self-efficacy for culturally competent school lea ...
leadership preparation, school leaders, cultural competency, culture, intercultural, study abroad, educational leadership
541 - 558
Uditha Ramanayake
Aim/Purpose: This paper aims to provide important learning insights for doctoral students, researchers and practitioners who wish to research on sensitive topics with research participants from a significantly different culture from their own.

Background: Embarking on doctoral research in different cultural contexts presents challenges for doctoral students, especially when researching a sensitiv ...
PhD student, doctoral research, cross-cultural research, sensitive research, autoethnography
559 - 573
Kyungmee Lee
Aim/Purpose: This article investigates thirteen students’ lived experiences on an online PhD programme, aiming to develop a better understanding of the nature of doing a PhD online.

Background: A large number of adult students with full-time professional roles and other social responsibilities have returned to universities to pursue their doctoral degree in order to advance their personal and pro ...
online doctoral education, PhD programme, part-time doctoral student, co-hort community, supervision, scholarly identity, phenomenology
575 - 593
Chun Yan Yang, Li Bai
Aim/Purpose: International PhD students suffer a lot of stress. However, many studies about international students focus on identifying the stressors these students experience rather than the stress-coping strategies, and those that explore international students’ coping behaviour often report maladjustments.

Background: This study intended to fill the research gap by examining the strategies tha ...
Chinese PhD students, stress coping, secondary control, qualitative interviews, psychological adjustments
595 - 614
Gaeun Seo, HeyJin T Yeo
Aim/Purpose: This qualitative study was conducted to illuminate the under-researched aspect of doctoral students’ career decision-making by examining their internal cognitive processes based on the Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) theory. Specifically, this study compared doctoral students’ career decision-making from two career groups, those pursuing the professoriate versus those pursuing ...
doctoral student career decision-making, professoriate career, careers beyond the professoriate, qualitative research, Cognitive Information Processing theory, graduate student career development
615 - 635
Annemarie Vaccaro, Chiquita Baylor, Desiree Forsythe, Karin Capobianco, Jana Knibb, John Olerio
Aim/Purpose: This paper contributes to the scholarly literature on intersectionality and social injustice (invisibility, hypervisibility) in higher education and serves as a model for enacting doctoral education where research, theory, and practice converge.

Background: Invisibility and hypervisibility have long been documented as social injustices, but very little literature has documented how d ...
doctoral education, duoethnography, invisibility, hypervisibility, intersectionality
637 - 652
Alexander J. Hish, Gabriela A. Nagy, Caitlin M. Fang, Lisalynn Kelley, Christopher V. Nicchitta, Kafui Dzirasa, M. Zachary Rosenthal
Aim/Purpose: National and international survey studies have begun to identify heightened levels of depression, anxiety, and burnout among doctoral students. Nevertheless, little research has been done to evaluate which interventions may support doctoral student wellness.

Background: To guide future interventions research, this study evaluated perceptions of the acceptability and effectiveness of ...
burnout, depression, doctoral students, intervention, wellness
653 - 684
Patrícia Silva Santos, Maria Teresa Patrício
Aim/Purpose: This article examines the experience and practice of doctoral students by focusing on different dimensions of the PhD socialization process. It addresses the question of whether university collaborations with businesses influence the experience and practice of PhD students.

Background: The study explores the academic culture in the PhD process through the analysis of the experiences ...
doctoral education, academic culture, university-business collaboration, PhD student’s trajectory
685 - 704
Melanie D. M. Hudson, Lucinda S. Spaulding, Angela Y Ford, Laura E Jones
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this systematic grounded theory study was to generate a model explaining how grit and a growth mindset develop and influence persistence in doctoral completers. Since doctoral attrition has historically plagued institutions of higher learning, with conflicting explanations reported in the literature, program leaders will benefit by understanding factors associated with ...
grit, growth mindset, doctoral persistence, higher education, personal and so-cial responsibility
705 - 736
Anna Sverdlik, Nathan C. Hall, Lynn McAlpine
Aim/Purpose: Research on doctoral students’ well-being suggests that an interplay of social and psychological factors, such as integration into the scholarly community and perceptions of self-worth, shape students’ experiences. The present research examined the role of these factors in the well-being of doctoral students.

Background: Imposter syndrome has long been discussed both formally and inf ...
doctoral education, doctoral well-being, imposter syndrome, mental health, graduate education, doctoral socialization
737 - 758
Minghui Hou, Alma Jam
Aim/Purpose: In our reflexivity in this duoethnographic study, we aimed to identify and elicit the authentic voices, thoughts, and experiences of international students from China and Cameroon to explore international education equity’s complexities through the internationalization of curriculum in doctoral programs at U.S. institutions.

Background: Many studies have addressed the need for educa ...
international education equity, curriculum internationalization, Chinese, Cameroon, current administration, academic, financial, community
759 - 786

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