How to Design Accounting Video Lectures to Recover Lost Time
[This Proceedings paper was revised and published in the 2018 issue of the journal Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, Volume 15]
The objective of this study is to understand how the video lectures of the same length and content as the face-to-face lectures can be designed and implemented to have a positive effect on student performance; probably when the campus are shutdown.
In a number of South African universities protests by students are on the increase. Often, they lead to cancellation of academic activities such as face-to-face classes and examinations.
A quasi-experimental design with multiple baseline is used on two video lectures, to (1) compare the performance of the students who did not watch the video lectures and those who watched the video lectures; and (2) compare the performance of each student who watched the video lectures on the test topics covered in the videos and the test topics not covered in the videos; and (3) determine the factors that influence the effectiveness of the concerned video lectures.
This study contributes to the literature by investigating the effectiveness of video lectures in improving student performance; and the factors associated to the effectiveness of such lectures; and complexity or straightness of the two video lectures used; and by providing possible solutions to the challenges identified, in relation to designing video lectures.
In terms of student performance, there is no significant advantage arising from watching the video lectures for the students who watched the video lectures. It is also found that the student performance is significantly associated to the student's commitment, prior performance, the quality of the content, and the organisation or design of the video lectures.
This study recommends how the accounting video lectures can be designed, and highlights the environments in which the video lectures of the same length and content as the face-to-face lectures may not be used.
Other researchers may replicate this study using short length videos of better quality and appropriate length, which may incorporate current issues, games, be interactive and so forth.
This study examines the use of educational video lectures in order to minimise the impact of disruptions at university level.
Future studies may use randomly selected treatment and control groups. They may consider a nationwide research or using qualitative interviews in examining the use of educational video lectures.