Deception: Types, Principles, and Tactics

Eli Cohen
Informing Science: The International Journal of an Emerging Transdiscipline  •  Volume 22  •  2019  •  pp. 137-156

The paper provides general background on the who, what, when, and why of deception.

It uses a naturalistic observational methodology. Whenever possible, the paper provides examples.

The research cited in this paper comes from a large variety of disparate fields of study. As such, it is one of the few multidisciplinary attempts to understand de-ception

The research uncovered general principles for conducting deception and tactics that support these principles.

The authors hope that this paper’s finding will shed light on the topic of fake news as well as misinformation and disinformation, particularly in politics.

deception, principles, tactics, fake news
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