Effect of Combining Gamification and a Scavenger Hunt on Pre-Service Teachers’ Perceptions and Achievement
To investigate the application of game elements to a non-gaming context (gamification), specifically on an early childhood teacher-training course.
This research proposes a teaching strategy that combines gamification elements via e-quizzing tools with the main principles of a scavenger hunt (SH). The purpose of this blend is to provide learners with an exciting learning environment.
A convenience sample of 41 students was selected from the Early Childhood Department of the School of Education in Imam Abdulrahman University (IAU), Saudi Arabia. The learners’ perceptions of gamification and the Quizizz e-tool were investigated using online scales, a focus group, and classroom observations. The teachers were also interviewed to gather their views on this strategy.
Gamification has been a focus of recent educational research, but many educators find it challenging to apply gamification effectively. Therefore, this research proposes a teaching strategy that combines e-quizzing gamification elements with the main principles of an SH to create an exciting learning environment.
Gamification was found to improve trainee teachers’ perceptions of the selected teaching strategy. It also increased their motivation for learning and engagement with their peers, thereby proving Quizizz to be a useful gamification tool, despite some technical difficulties.
This study recommends that teachers who utilize technology should do so for educational purposes and in new ways, rather than merely increasing the time spent using technology in the classroom. This will ensure that classes are more interesting, thereby eliciting enthusiasm from their students.
Further research is recommended to explore students’ development in the area of collaboration, synthesis of information, critical thinking, and problem-solving, as a result of gamification strategies in education.
The study participants expressed a willingness to apply this strategy later in their careers with other students and on other courses. The collaborative and problem-solving skills learned are likewise transferable to other contexts and lifelong learning.
Further research is recommended to explore students’ development of other skills such as collaboration, synthesis of information, critical thinking, and problem-solving.