Measurement of Doctoral Students’ Intention to Use Online Learning: A SEM Approach Using the TRAM Model

Narender Singh Bhati, Sachin Srivastava, Jaivardhan Singh Rathore
Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice  •  Volume 22  •  2023  •  pp. 179-200

The study aims to supplement existing knowledge of information systems by presenting empirical data on the factors influencing the intentions of doctoral students to learn through online platforms.

E-learning platforms have become popular among students and professionals over the past decade. However, the intentions of the doctoral students are not yet known. They are an important source of knowledge production in academics by way of teaching and research.

The researchers collected data from universities in the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR) using a survey method from doctoral students using a convenience sampling method. The model studied was the Technology Readiness and Acceptance Model (TRAM), an integration of the Technology Readiness Index (TRI) and Technology Acceptance Model (TAM).

TRAM provides empirical evidence that it positively predicts behavioral intentions to learn from online platforms. Hence, the study validated the model among doctoral students from the perspective of a developing nation.

The model variables predicted 49% of the variance in doctoral students’ intent. The TRAM model identified motivating constructs such as optimism and innovativeness as influencing TAM predictors. Finally, doctoral students have positive opinions about the usefulness and ease of use of online learning platforms.

Academic leaders motivate scholars to use online platforms, and application developers to incorporate features that facilitate ease of use.

Researchers can explore the applicability of TRAM in other developing countries and examine the role of cultural and social factors in the intent to adopt online learning.

The influence of demographic variables on intentions can lead to additional insights.

e-learning, doctoral students, technology acceptance model, technology readiness index, structural equation modeling, online intentions, TRAM model
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