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Conference Proceedings

Volume 4, 2004

Tayyab Maqsood, Andrew Finegan, Derek Walker
The crux of knowledge management theory is to devise different strategies to capture the tacit knowledge of the people in the organization, to make it explicit and to share it throughout the organization. This paper draws from the literature in cognitive psychology and highlights the limitation of the human mind by observing that knowledge is lost out of memory over time. Judgment and gut feelings ...
Knowledge management, tacit knowledge, knowledge construction
Bill Davey, Arthur Tatnall
A fundamental of the formation of virtual organizations, or capturing effective organizational memory is the creation of an ontology. Existing organizational memory software systems uniformly suffer from the problem of initializing the ontology. Another, less recognized, problem of ontologies is their poor record in capturing implicit and informal relationships within and between actors. This pape ...
Knowledge management, ontology, bootstrapping, virtual organisations, ecological models
Laurette Pretorius, Andries Barnard
In this paper certain ethical and social issues, insights and lessons learnt surrounding the spread of misinformation resulting from a hoax e-mail sent in South Africa on September 11 2001, linking South Africans to the World Trade Center disaster in New York are considered. A case study, based on the South African newspaper press coverage that this incident received, is discussed. The factual con ...
Misinformation, hoax e-mail, computer ethics, South Africa, computer ethics teaching, case study
Kaylene Clayton
Iivari and Ervasti’s (1994) Construct for User Information Satisfaction is used within a case study to examine information quality and the satisfaction of the students, teachers and guidance officers with curriculum and career guidance information. It was found that there are curriculum quality differences and dissimilar levels of IT resources available between schools. Independent school students ...
IT Education, Information Quality, Curriculum, Career Guidance
Janette Moody
Organizations are introducing biometric devices into various sections of the economy for various reasons. What began as a security feature for a limited number of government organizations has been adapted to such diverse uses as paying for school children’s lunches to tracking employees’ work attendance. From an organizational perspective, justifications for use of biometric devices are plentiful. ...
biometric devices, computer security, access control devices, employee tracking, information security
Erlaine Binotto, Eleri Hamer, Marina Keiko Nakayama, Ricardo Azambuja Silveira
This paper aims to analyze the process of knowledge creation, more specifically the four modes of knowledge conversion, on agricultural producers or farmers in Brazil, using the theoretical model of Nonaka and Takeuchi (1997). The research is an exploratory-descriptive study of a qualitative nature. The study demonstrated that for new knowledge to be created in the rural properties researched, at ...
Knowledge Creation, Knowledge, Learning, Agribusiness and Co-operative
Freimut Bodendorf, Manfred Schertler
An approach to improve communication processes in e-learning is introduced. Based on a separation of a content-related and a communicational part of e-learning environments a system to support both students and tutors in their communication endeavors is presented. The communication platform consists of administration, configuration, moderation, and certainly communication tools which are described ...
Distance Education, Communication Control, Collaborative Learning, Tutoring Support
Christopher Lueg, Nicola Bidwell
In this paper, we discuss foundations, requirements and first experiences with a mobile information system that supports, and is ecologically compatible with, human vision-based navigation and acquirement of spatial knowledge during movement through the physical world. The appliance assists a person finding his/her way from an origin to a destination by providing an egocentric (viewer-centered) ra ...
egocentric viewpoint, navigation, mobile information systems, PDA, appliance
Sead Spuzic, Fons Nouwens
Knowledge is a model that enables premeditated change. Knowledge can be subdivided: the simplest element is information. Information aggregates/relations constitute a concept. Clusters of concepts make theories. Concepts and theories can be further branched into: conclusions, explanations, cognitions, etc, which together belong to a general class of Definition. Definitions are key elements of know ...
definition, knowledge, information, homonymy, synonymy, misinforming
Gavin Russell, Ian Pitt
This paper presents our research into the possibilities to wirelessly enhance classroom teaching in a university environment. We explore current technologies, both hardware and software, and propose a vision of future possibilities.
Wireless, PDA, Education, Class Room Feed Back.
S. Paul Maj, Gurpreet Kohli
There are a wide range of equally valid approaches to teaching networking. One approach is to teach internetworking technologies (switches, routers). However, an extensive analysis of educational materials in this area has indicated that these devices are typically treated as 'black boxes'. This is contrary to educational theory that supports the need for a conceptual model. Two state models were ...
Abstraction, Conceptual Models, Finite State Machine and State Models
Abdullah Gani, Omar Zakaria, Nor Badrul Anuar Jumaat
This paper presents an application of Markov Decision Process (MDP) into the provision of traffic prioritisation in the best-effort networks. MDP was used because it is a standard, general formalism for modelling stochastic, sequential decision problems. The implementation of traffic prioritisation involves a series of decision making processes by which packets are marked and classified before bei ...
Markov Decision Process, Traffic Prioritisation, Quality of Service, Network Application Management, and Network Resource Control.
Pramod Pandya, Reza Frazin
In an environment of growing information security threats, it is essential to raise the awareness and capabilities of business students entering the workforce to mitigate threats to the enterprise networks. Information security has emerged as the most critical component of any data network. This paper describes a research project jointly undertaken by the author and an undergraduate student in Inf ...
Network Security, virtual private networks, encryption, wireless networks
Peter Fenrich
What can you do to virtually teach the hands-on skills traditionally taught in labs? If you include simulations, active experimentation, discovery-learning techniques, numerous questions with detailed feedback, video, animations, and photographs, you can effectively teach practical hands-on skills through multimedia technology. Through discussion and demonstration, this session will highlight prac ...
virtual lab, practical skills, instructional design, computer-based training, interactivity
Youcef Baghdadi
This work proposes to use Web services to turn information into actions by leveraging and unlocking the informational assets of an organization. Indeed, Web services allow cost-effective composition and re-engineering of business processes because of their ability to connect applications, systems, and organization partners through the Internet-based standards (XML, SOAP, UDDI). The work consists o ...
. Leverage and Unlocking Informational Assets, Factual Dependency, Web Services Generation, Integration, Business Process Composition and Re-engineering, Dynamic e-Business
Elspeth McKay, Trang Thomas, Jenny Martin
Looking for work is complex. It involves a synthesis of decisions relating to many separate jobseeking tasks, requiring discrimination of how an individual’s skills match the job description, whether the salary offered is acceptable, location of the work and the logistics of arranging suitable transport. These job-seeking tasks are even more difficult for the disabled, and despite the Web Access I ...
system design, instructional design, project management, vocational rehabilitation, accessibility to information, lessons learned, Web-Portal development, human-computer interaction, computer supported collaborative learning
Niranjala Weerakkody
Taking a critical theory approach and the pluralist view of technology, this paper examines the problems in organizational communication that arose due to the implementation of a limited intranet electronic mail system as the main channel of communication between a rural state-owned organization and its city-based Head Office, installed at the sole discretion of the latter. The intranet was provid ...
Intranet, Adoption of new technologies, Digital Divide, Technology and marginalization, Critical theory and technology, pluralist view of technology, Failed adoption of a technology, Organizational Communication, Gatekeeping, Technology and power, Technology and status.
Liljana Ferbar
In this paper we concentrate on one aspect of e-business applications, namely on its effects in supply chain management. We derive a mathematical model that shows how different changes in ordering costs as a result of using e-business can affect the optimal ordering intervals and quantity, average stock level and consequently total inventory-related costs. We study the sensitivity of the objective ...
Internet, e-business, sensitivity analysis, finite magnitude perturbations, optimal ordering policy, average cost approach
Paul Hawking, Andrew Stein, Susan Foster
The application of the internet to the Human Resource function (e-HR) combines two elements: one is the use of electronic media whilst the other is the active participation of employees in the process. These two elements drive the technology that helps organisations lower administration costs, improve employee communication and satisfaction, provide real time access to information while at the sam ...
Julian Terry, Craig Standing
In e-commerce, customers have become Information System users. In this environment of nonmandatory usage, remote, untrained users need to quickly feel comfortable and satisfied with a site encounter. Throughout the literature for four decades, a commonly cited factor pertaining to system success has been user participation in the systems development process. Among other things this is likely to le ...
User participation, project management, electronic commerce, systems development
Borislav Roussev, Yvonna Roussev
This work examines the process of software development from Informing Sciences (IS) point of view. We explore how the three IS precursor theories--Shannon and Weaver’s Model of the communication process, Leavitt’s Change-equilibrium model, and the “Meta-approach” to mod-eling--justify a model-driven approach to software development and we argue that modeling through abstraction, metaphoric mapping ...
Informing Sciences, metaphor, abstraction, modeling, software development, model-driven approach.
Sue Nielsen, Liisa von Hellens, Jenine Beekhuyzen
An ongoing investigation into the declining participation of women in IT education and professional level work has recently focused on professional women’s perceptions of the IT industry. This paper presents some of the findings from a discourse analysis of interviews with thirty-two female and two male IT professionals. The analysis identified a distinctive characteristic of the women’s discourse ...
gender and IT, structuration theory, discourse analysis
Graeme Byrne, Lorraine Staehr
The importance of teaching computer ethics is shown by its inclusion as core content in both information systems and computer science model curricula. This paper outlines a method for evaluating undergraduate computer ethics programs using the Defining Issues Test of moral judgment. A “before-and-after with a control group” research design was used. The experimental group exhibited a significantly ...
computer ethics, Defining Issues Test, ethics education, moral development, professional ethics
Kay Fielden
In this paper Nicholson’s (1994) four-fold conceptual framework has been applied to ethical issues in research by postgraduate students undertaking theses or dissertations in computing. Ethical dilemmas are explored showing how knowledge in this area is acquired, shared and integrated from one research project to the next and within any one postgraduate cohort. Ethics of performing research within ...
Ethics, postgraduate research
Vojko Potocan, Matjaz Mulej
A requisitely holistic information support can help us improve our business operation, but such information is hard to attain and even harder to attain in virtual organizations presenting a specific, more fluid form of business systems. Important difficulties include complexity and complicatedness, time (real and future, and their difference from the past), information requirements (realistic defi ...
Anticipation, Anticipatory Business System, Anticipatory System Thinking, Enterprise resource planning, System(s) Theory, Virtual organization.
Masafumi Kotani
The software assets that an enterprise applies toward the management of its business processes are bound to evolve in response to business model transformations dictated by changing management environments. Both a given set of software and its associated data form an asset portfolio that needs to be well managed to generate the greatest possible return over time. Tradeoffs between the TCO (Total C ...
Business, IT alignment, Application portfolio management, COTS
Alex Koohang
This paper attempted to develop and validate an instrument that measures users’ views about the usability of digital libraries. Users’ views toward the usability of digital libraries may serve as the major conduit to user acceptance and satisfaction, thus promoting positive learning experiences. The instrument, digital library usability, consisted of 12 items that described usability properties of ...
Usability, Usability Attributes, Usability Properties, Digital Library, Electronic Library, Virtual Library, Users’ views, Instrument Validation, Content Validity, Construct Validity, Reliability
Nina Evans
Failed Information Technology (IT) projects are common in organisations, as IT solutions often do not meet the expectations of business clients. Business experts often have a negative perception of the people working in the IT function. There seems to be a proverbial “chicken-and-egg situation”: the relationship between business and IT suffers because IT projects fail to solve the real business ne ...
Information technology/systems, business-IT interface, expectation gap, business-IT relationship, strategic alignment, fusion
Christopher Lueg
Virtual communities have shown to be rich sources of knowledge if community members are sharing what they know. A look at virtual communities related to traveling in Australia suggests that often members are more than happy to share what they know about certain locations. In this paper, we outline, from a Location-oriented Knowledge Management (LoKM) perspective, the steps necessary to connect vir ...
virtual communities, informing, tourism, PDA, WiFi, PlaceLab
Masafumi Kotani
Though not especially media-rich, mailing lists remain in use and retain popularity for their built-in technological controls and their capability to “reply” to a message (“continuing a thread”). The motivation for extracting knowledge fragments from the unstructured text of mailing lists is compelling, though successes doing so may be considered only partial because it requires mental processing, ...
Thread analysis, thread classes, OM manufacturing
Md Shah Jahan Miah
Designing of web accessibility features need to accommodate cultural differences in the multicultural world. This paper finds the literature on how the web accessibility features of educational website can be improved for multicultural users by using the User Centred Design (UCD) approach. This paper reviews previous research on multicultural approach, accessibility functions and UCD approach. The ...
User Centred Design, Participatory Design, Interfaces, Human interactions
Daniel Teghe, Bruce A. Knight, Cecily Knight
In this paper we describe a pilot project to develop and assess the potential of CD-ROM based resources to address the identified informational needs of a community of education professionals. We focus on the development process, although we also briefly describe the project evaluation and its results. The context in which the pilot was developed and implemented was the Social Well-being in Mackay ...
CD-ROM, informational needs, community development, schools, teachers, children at risk, support systems, Social Well-being in Mackay Schools, subsidiarity, power
Peter Trkman, Jaka Lindic
The paper deals with the question, how the efficiency and successfulness of web pages in information dissemination can be measured. The paper concentrates on the use of a corporate web page in public relations with different interest groups. Basic principles of public relations theory are summarized. The importance of web-page credibility is emphasized and different factors that can have influence ...
public relations, evaluation of web pages, usability, dissemination of information, interest groups.
John Maniotes, Charles R. Winer
A problem that has been neglected in CIS/IT curricula is, how will students and recent graduates go about planning and selecting computer hardware, software, and services in a cost effective manner. The authors will present a list of compelling arguments for the establishment of such a course and describe its contents and the details of its implementation.
CIS/IT Curriculum, RFP’s, Computer Performance, Selection Approaches, Procurement Strategies, Negotiation Techniques, Contract Clauses, Conversion Issues.
Des Matejka
The Faculty of Education at Australian Catholic University offers an online postgraduate course that focuses on the use of e-learning tools to facilitate changes in thinking, teaching and learning. It incorporates project-based learning techniques that require participants to learn how to apply selected ICT and e-learning tools to improve learning within their workplace. This has been based upon o ...
Project-based learning, online education, e-learning, learning, teaching, social construction, problem-based, postgraduate
Rohan Genrich, Dave Roberts, Aileen Cater-Steel, Ee Kuan Low
A strategy to overcome challenges associated with teaching a foundation Information Systems (IS) course to large cohorts of Business students has been highly successful. To further refine the strategy, a survey was conducted to better understand attitudes and computer experience of the students. This study revealed that factors such as gender, age, study mode, type of secondary school attended, le ...
IS Education; Y Generation; Mature Age Students; Empirical Study; Academic Performance Determinants
Samuel Sambasivam, Tao Li
The effectiveness of delivering course contents for distance learning depends on the organization of the course material, interaction methods and selection of exercise/test questions. The selection of questions plays a role equally important as the course presentation material. The use of multimedia may help ease the learning experience and so does the interaction among the students. A systematic ...
Distance learning, knowledge structure, exercise and test, Multimedia, Web based course, learning reinforcement.
Tony Jewels, Marilyn Ford
In the choice of a pedagogy for a new unit on IT project management, an innovative single case study approach was chosen, in the hope of providing a ‘virtual environment’ in which students could embed themselves. By providing a single, rich, descriptive project environment for students, it was hoped that they would become deeply involved in the case and thus adopt a deeper approach to learning and ...
IT Project Management, IS/IT Education, Case Study Approach
Mark Toleman, Dave Roberts, Charmaine Ryan
This paper discusses how a set of ‘mandated’ generic graduate attributes were incorporated, by a retrofit, into an IS undergraduate degree program. The current challenge is to implement these attributes completely by matching them to course objectives, by explicitly including and assessing them, and by refining teaching and learning strategies to be cognisant of them. Other considerations identifi ...
Generic Graduate Attributes, Generic Attributes, Graduate Attributes, Information Systems Graduates, Assessment, Information Systems Curriculum
Frank Kurzel
In this paper, we describe the theory and techniques we have employed within a pre-existing learning environment to provide personalised features for students within an IT related domain. Our system is based on concepts, both declarative and practical, that can be combined in different configurations, and displayed in different media formats to account for different students. We also use instructi ...
Personalised Learning Environment, personalisation features, instruction, learning styles, course metadata, student profiles.
Ho-Leung Tsoi
Business Information Systems education-such as majoring in Business Computing, E-Commerce and Business Computing, and Information Systems--is the basic foundation of all Information Systems professionals. So good planning of these programmes is an indispensable element in the development of computing disciplines. The traditional ways of planning an education programme are mainly based on understan ...
Software Systems Methodology (SSM), Information Systems, Action Research.
Theda Thomas, Tim Davis, Alanah Kazlauskas
It is important for higher education institutions to produce Information Systems graduates who can think and solve problems effectively. This paper is a rich description of the first cycle in an action research project defined to investigate the effectiveness of using a specially developed unit in the first year of an Information Systems course in order to facilitate the enhancement of students’ c ...
information systems education, critical thinking, problem solving
Nina Evans
An in-depth study of the business-IT interface produced numerous reasons why Information Technology (IT) solutions often do not meet the expectations of the business client. Major contributors towards the expectation gap are: Insufficient analysis of the business problem, bad user requirement specifications and documentation, ineffective communication and interpersonal relationship problems. All o ...
Information and Communications Technology (ICT), analyst, business analysis, systems analysis, Body of Knowledge (BOK)
Rodney Turner
The IS professional is a person endowed with certain professional skills and attributes usually formally obtained through an education process. The IS professional may also have formal skills in peripheral, non technical areas that may too be obtained through a formal education process. This is typical now in the education of IS students who are aspiring IS professional. In addition they come with ...
Information Systems, IS professional, IS graduates, technical skills, soft skills, hard skills, structural model
Peter Baloh
To succeed in the global marketplace, companies must reposition themselves to tap the sources of sustainable growth. After failing to connect information technology investments with business performance, successful senior managers today know that ‘effective use of information’ does not equal merely a new IT solution. Instead, business performance can only be improved with an excellence at using in ...
business-information systems education curriculum, information orientation, information management, IT, productivity paradox, MScIS courses
Kathy Lynch, Annegret Goold, Jenny Blain
Capstone courses are used extensively in teaching information technology to expose students to realistic, work-like situations, though in a controlled environment. The value of the experiences the student engages in, and the skills and knowledge they develop are not questioned, as they are accepted as a beneficial precursor to professional work. The pedagogical methods used to deliver capstone cou ...
capstone projects, information technology education, experiential learning
Iwona Miliszewska, Grace Tan
A Computer Science degree includes a compulsory final year Project subject. The Project involves the design and implementation of a real-life computer application for a client, and gives students an opportunity to work in a setting emulating a real-life information technology environment. Students undertake the Project subject together with its co-requisite subject in English Language and Communic ...
education, problem-based learning, reciprocal learning, software development, communication skills, teamwork.
Roy Morien
The paper will report upon the experiences and reflections of undergraduate students undertaking industrial development projects, as part of their curriculum, in the situation where they have been required to utilize a prototyping / agile / lightweight methodology. The paper is partly evangelistic (demonstrating the author’s enthusiasm for a particular development methodological viewpoint), and pa ...
Agile Development Methods, System Prototyping, Focal Entity Prototyping, Lightweight Methodologies, Student Industrial Projects.
Mali Senapathi
An introductory undergraduate database management course is quite common in the undergraduate IS/IT (Information Systems/Information Technology) curriculum. This paper describes the restructuring of such a course from a dominantly technical focus to having a much broader and more integrated approach within the Bachelor of Business (IT Major-Information Technology Major) degree programme at the Auc ...
IT Major, database, business
JC (Joey) Jansen van Vuuren, FP (Petrie) Coetzee
The concept of distance learning by advanced educational technology is at present only emerging in Africa. This applies particularly to education and training in information and communication technology (ICT). A learner support system needs to be put in place to assist students to use relevant technologies. Learners in Africa tend to have difficulty understanding the technologies underpinning the ...
E-learning, Distance learning, Multimode learning, ICT Education
Melina Ziegel
Technology and the corresponding constructivism are creating an educational agenda where the process of learning is valued at least as highly as the outcome. Since technology entered the classroom, learning goals have expanded from facts and knowledge by subject to intellectual curiosity and a love of learning. Students are engaging in their own meaning-making, or knowledge production, through pro ...
technology integration, teachers, professional development, change process, constructivism
Ari Marko Sievanen
This paper presents a method for analyzing human conceptions related to e-learning, based on positioning data on what is called here a learning matrix. The set of dimensions comprising the matrix distinguish between emphasis on individuality and sociality in learning, between viewing learning as knowledge adoption and as knowledge construction, and between viewing learning as subjective and as obj ...
conception of learning, learning matrix, matrixulation, e-learning environment, elearning designer
Virginia MacEntee, Barbara Lewis
The purpose of this paper is to review the findings from a web enhanced course, SPE 304-800 Educational Planning for All Students, offered at SUNY Oswego in the fall 2003 semester. It discusses the rationale for developing a web enhanced class. It analyses the success of the webenhanced class from both the student and instructor prospective
web-enhanced, online, active learning, discussions, technology
Tony Jewels, Carmen de Pablos Heredero, Marilyn Campbell
Although there are many teaching styles in higher education, they can usually be reduced to two: the traditional, on campus attendance, lecturing, student-passive style and the newer, distance education, self-paced, student-active style. It is the contention of this paper, illustrated by two case studies of one Spanish and one Australian university, that the differences in technology seem to have ...
Teaching styles, web based technologies, university lecturing
Tony Richardson
There is an ongoing and vigorous debate in academia concerning the role of Universities in the education process and the relationship Universities have with industry. In the broad sense, should we (the Universities) be educating or should we be training? Not withstanding that debate, it seems undeniable that the study of Information Systems has been spawned from the need to understand both the the ...
Simulation, multimedia, rating, employers
Glen Van Der Vyver, Michael Lane
The emergence of the Internet has made many institutions involved in the delivery of distance education programs re-evaluate the course delivery framework. A variety of models and techniques co-exist in an often uneasy alliance at many such institutions. These range from the traditional distance learning model, which remains paper-based, to the purely online model. Recently, hybrid models have eme ...
Hybrid model, Distance education, Distance Learning, Online education
Jo Coldwell, Douglas Newlands
This paper describes the planning, implementation and current progress of the Deakin Online Project which aims to establish a virtual campus for Deakin University. The project is built upon the WebCT Vista© learning management system. Strategies for eTeaching and eLearning are analysed and the dangers and opportunities are identified. Approaches to the preparation of both students and faculty for ...
eLearning, eTeaching, online learning, distance education, learning management system, virtual campus, information technology literacy.
Paul Hawking, Brendan McCarthy
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems offer a software-based system that handles an enterprise’s total information system needs in an integrated fashion. Such systems have seen a significant growth in the last decade in the US, Europe and Australian markets and, more recently, increasing growth in Asian countries. This increase in demand for ERP systems in Asia offers opportunities for the pr ...
Enterprise Resource Planning systems, e-learning, Application Service Provider, synchronous learning, asynchronous learning, web-based learning, virtual classroom, distancelearning
Kevin R. Parker
This paper presents an instructional method for validating a relational database design. Data model validation is often overlooked in course projects involving relational database design, in part because while most database texts stress the importance of validation, few provide an instructional method for performing validation. Validation is a critical step, especially for students. A flawed data ...
data model validation, instructional method, database, relational database, validation, verification.
Kelsey van Haaster, Dianne Hagan
BlueJ is a programming environment that has been used to teach object-oriented introductory programming since 1999 in two consecutive first year units at Monash University. An earlier evaluation of its effectiveness in helping students to learn OO programming in the first unit was inconclusive, although most students who participated in the study believed that it did help them to learn Java. It wa ...
introductory programming, programming environment, BlueJ, Java, evaluation criteria.
Ric Jentzsch, Masoud Mohammadian
This paper discusses a framework for teaching of mobile and wireless technology. The framework is evolving with the numerous changes that are occurring in the related technology as well as the changes that are occurring in the teaching environment. In today’s business environment the use of wireless applications is beginning to play an ever increasing important role. Many people use and interact w ...
wireless computing, teaching framework, wireless technology
Zbigniew J. Gackowski
MIS textbooks on the market are overly technology laden, with oversimplified coverage of the fundamentals in general and in particular with regard to the role of data and information in business. This thought-provoking paper is born out of frustration with the disparity between what we already know on the subject and what actually is being offered to our students and clients. The first part of thi ...
Computer data, information, knowledge, MIS courses.
Barbara Howell
This positioning paper focuses on the selection of software for educational purposes and how the selection process may encourage usage. Computer Aided Software or Systems Engineering (CASE) tools provided an appropriate e software example for this study. The paper also seeks to examine if the use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) such as CASE can aid the students’ understanding of syst ...
CASE Tools. Systems Analysis & Design, Focus Groups, ICT
Selvarajah Mohanarajah, Ray Kemp, Elizabeth Kemp
We have been engaged in research towards designing a software system called LOZ for learning the object oriented formal specification notation Object-Z. Initially, we conducted a survey to analyse the effectiveness of traditional methodologies for learning Z notation. In LOZ, the semiformal model UML is used in the intermediate phase between informal textual description and formal Object-Z descrip ...
Object-Z, Computer Based Learning (CBL), Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS).
Poonam Kumar, Anil Kumar, Karl Smart
In an era of increased accountability in assessing student learning outcomes, greater emphasis has been focused on factors that influence student learning. In this paper we examine the impact of instructional methods and information technology on student learning styles, all critical factors affecting student learning. A research framework that suggests the relationship of instructional processes ...
Learning styles, Information technology, Instructional Methods, Grasha-Riechmann Student Learning Styles Scales, Impact on Student learning styles
R. A. Hodgett
This article questions whether the PhD remains the most relevant advanced qualification for the majority of academic staff in Australian universities given the changes in the environment of the universities over the past two decades.
Lukasz Michalec, David A Banks
This paper explores the relationships between jazz and the development of information systems. Similarities are drawn between music in general and information systems development methodologies and jazz is taken as a specific focus. The idea of music as an information system in its own right is outlined. As systems development methodologies move from formal approaches towards more ad hoc forms, the ...
Jazz, information system development methodologies, improvisation, socio-technical systems
Sonja Treven
In the paper the author first presents the nature of work that is characteristic for computer and information systems managers. Then she turns her attention to the increasing need for those profile of personnel. The requirements for training and other qualifications of computer and information systems managers are discussed widely as well. In the end the author presents the activity of training an ...
information system, managers, training, methods, work
Sharlett Gillard
Technology is a constant stream of innovations. Thousands of products are introduced each year. Potential adopters, including IT educators, must determine the right time, if ever, to embrace these new developments and to integrate them into their curricula and/or personal professional endeavors. It is the contention of the author that with regard to the adoption of innovations that purport to impr ...
IT educator, IT innovations, early adopter, adopter curve
Kam Hou Vat
This paper investigates the idea of organization transformation appropriate to the advent of information technologies (IT). Specifically, we describe a traceable framework of transformation, which accommodates the shift of information system (IS) support from automating to informating to knowledging. The paper intends to clarify the context of IT/IS-based organization transformation through the co ...
Organization Transformation, Systems Thinking, IS Context
Robert Williams, Heinz Dreher
Markit© is an Automated Essay Grading (AEG) system capable of running on typical desktop PC platforms. Its performance compares favourably with human graders and with commercially available systems. A distinct advantage of Markit over existing commercial systems is that it requires only one model answer against which the student essays are compared. In this paper we report on a trial of Markit wit ...
Automated Essay Grading (AEG); Natural Language Processing (NLP); semantics; electronic thesaurus.
Glen Van Der Vyver, Debbie Crabb, Michael Lane
The career paths of students are influenced and shaped by the subject choices that are made in the final years of secondary schooling. This paper presents the findings of an empirical study that identified the key factors influencing the decision of rural / regional Australian students to choose or not choose to study Information Processing and Technology. The findings revealed that career oriente ...
IT Education, skills shortage, high school subject choice, IT careers.
H. David Brecht, Suzanne M. Ogilby, Eugene Sauls
This paper presents an enhanced strategy to incorporate computer applications in a non-IT course, called Computer Immersion Strategy (CIS). Previous attempts to fully incorporate current technology in accounting courses highlighted the failure of those strategies to enable or motivate students to master analytical problem-solving skills. In response to this crucial shortcoming, CIS was developed f ...
Education, innovation, pedagogy, courses, lectures.
Hanafizan Hussain
The focus of this research is to determine whether the exposure to e-learning materials enables students to improve their English. Test scores before and after being exposed to e-learning material have been compared to discover whether there is any appreciable improvement in students’ English Language proficiency levels. Students’ profiles on the computer-assisted learning are studied to determine ...
E-Learning material, English language, Learn by doing, Learn from failure, Learn from stories, Just-in-time basis
Mingyang Gu
Nowadays, many empirical studies are carried out based on educational projects. In these cases, instructors put forward requirements on educational projects from the perspective of education, and researchers also provide their requirements from the perspective of empirical study. How to design educational projects successfully from both educational perspective and research perspective becomes a pr ...
Educational project, empirical study, software architecture, software engineering education
Igor Hawryszkiewycz
The paper describes ways to provide web based support for group learning especially in large subjects involving many groups. It begins by describing support tools that enable groups to carry out case studies. It distinguishes between different levels of support services ranging from group management systems, through support for informal exchange of information to proactive agent support systems th ...
Learning process, group learning, workspaces, software agents
Samuel Sambasivam, Aleksandar Bulajic
Bao-tyan Hwang, Shang-feng Chiu
This study explores students’ misconceptions with the particulate concept of matter in gaseous state. Then, based on promoting students’ learning and understanding from a constructivist perspective, the effectiveness of instructional activities by presenting a demonstration with computer simulation was investigated. Students were expected to benefit from computer monitored instruction in a number ...
computer simulated demonstration, particulate concepts, diagnostic drawing test, conceptual change, cognitive conflict
Davood Askarany, Malcolm Smith
This paper explores the impact of a variety of contextual factors on the diffusion of six administrative innovations. The paper explores the level importance of 13 contextual factors on decisions^) to implement (or not) administrative changes. It also examines the level of association between contextual factors and the diffusion of six administrative innovations, finding that the several contextua ...
Contextual factors; administrative changes; diffusion; innovation
Maria Mach
The paper addresses the problem of dynamic analysis of barriers to entry in a chosen market. The role and importance of such analysis in enterprise strategy is explained. As a solution to the problem, the use of an intelligent tool is proposed. The tasks that such a tool should be able to perform and the expectations connected with such a tool are pointed out. Next, an architecture of an intellige ...
barriers to entry, intelligent tools, heterogeneous data sources, temporal analysis.
Nelly Gackowska
Organizational process and information delivery automation with workflow technologies is an effective method used by information technology departments to help reach institutional objectives by better informing their end users, clients and stakeholders. This presentation mentions four useful models of implementing workflow technologies. The focus is on no-search or zero-click messages or reports, ...
workflow technologies, automated information delivery, no-search (or zero-click) messaging/reporting
Dale Gartshore
This paper presents findings of a recent study which explores rural women’s use of an agricultural decision support system, CottonLOGIC, within the Australian cotton industry. Meta-analysis is applied through the theoretical framework of structuration theory while diffusion theory is used for lower level analysis. The concept of communication is applicable to both theories. The significance of Cot ...
Technology transfer, decision support systems, structuration theory, diffusion theory, communication, farm management, rural, cotton, gender, Australia
Antonio Cartelli
After a short introduction that describes the author’s interest in educational and vocational guidance, this paper reports on the psychological and pedagogical contributions to the analysis of the phenomenon. The limits of the above approaches are then analyzed and the need for the monitoring of the students’ cognitive, relational and affective spheres is explained. The last section of the paper f ...
Educational guidance, Vocational guidance, Information System, Informing Science, Psychology, Pedagogy, Action Research.
Zlatko J Kovacic, John Steve Green
This paper reports initial research results on the relationship between student learning styles and academic achievement in a distance education computing course with Internet-based student support. The learning styles of students in a computer concepts class were evaluated and classified according to the Felder-Soloman Learning Style Index. We have identified statistically significant differences ...
Academic performance, Learning styles, Felder-Solomon Index of Learning Styles, Computer concepts, Distance education
Marilyn Campbell
With our ever-changing society there seems to be more pressures on young people. Recent epidemiological studies in Australia have found that adolescent mental health is an important public health problem (Sawyer et al., 2001). As many as one in five Australian children aged from 4 to 17 have significant mental health concerns (Zubrick, Silburn, Burton, & Blair, 2000). However, only one in four you ...
child and adolescent mental health, Internet, school counseling, webcounseling, cybercounseling
Steven Pace
Numerous researchers have employed Csikszentmihalyi's flow theory in their analyses of the behavior of Web users. Flow is a state of consciousness that is experienced by people who are deeply involved in an enjoyable activity such as surfing the Net. The experience is characterized by some common elements such as concentration on the task at hand, a sense of control, a merging of action and awaren ...
enjoyment, flow, grounded theory, World Wide Web
John Lenarcic
A historical account is presented of the evolution of a new postgraduate level university course dealing with the psychology of computer programming. An outline of the course is presented and its objectives are discussed, as well as possible reasons for its premature demise and initiatives that could be undertaken to resurrect the format in a new guise.
Computer Programming, Cognitive Aspects, Education
Zlatko J Kovacic
This paper presents the results of an empirical study of the learning styles of a group of computing students and the teaching styles of their tutors at The Open Polytechnic of New Zealand. This study of learning styles is based on Kolb’s learning model and the Felder-Soloman learning style instrument. To identify how close students’ learning styles match the teaching styles of their tutors we hav ...
Learning styles, Teaching styles, Felder-Solomon Index of Learning Styles, Computer concepts, Distance education.
Rui Da Silva, Ilan Rahimi
In recent years several large organizations in Israel implemented CRM systems in order to increase efficiency. The difficulties managers and decision makers in all fields of business have to face are great as there is no one 'fixed formula' to guarantee the success of such a maneuver. However, there is a set of guidelines that can assure the road to success of such a change when one wishes to impl ...
ERP, CRM Implementation, CSF, Management, Customer, Relationship.
Christo Potgieter
Papers presented at the 2003 conference of HERDSA (Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia) proposed guidelines for change and innovation in higher education. This paper empirically studied these guidelines in the ICT environment of an institution. We explored change and innovation outputs by ICT staff at ITPs (Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics), aspects of the env ...
ICT Teaching, ICT Change and Innovation, Performance Criteria, Policy
Michael de Raadt
Interest in beginning a career in programming is declining. Programming is no longer selling itself to novices at high school and university levels as well as it once did. This paper considers why this is the case, what may happen if this trend continues, and what can be done to restore interest for the next generation of programmers.
novice programming, teaching programming languages
Xavier Thavaruban Thavapragasam
The growth of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems since the 90’s has been immense. Their organisational wide functionality is vast and overall capabilities are enormous but their success, usability and the user perception is questioned in the information systems (IS) literature. This paper looks at an implemented ERP system in a large Australian University. The core aspect of the paper is t ...
ERP Implementation, User Satisfaction, PD, UCD, JAD
Michelle W. L. Fong
The music scene in cyberspace is an example of how a legal framework has been developed to curb online copyright infringement. The emergence, in the mid-1990’s, of online music websites and software programs such as MP3 technology to compress and download music, have delivered considerable copyright threat to the music industry. This threat has been further exacerbated by the remarkable developmen ...
music files, copyright, copy control, Napster.
Tong Ming Lim, Lee Sai Peck
Users interact with a database system through a set of database languages and this makes designing database languages a very challenging task to a computer software engineer. A set of well-defined database languages must be easy to learn, easy to understand and powerful enough to capture semantic of a problem domain. This paper discusses design issues of a proposed database language, namely Extend ...
Johnson Dehinbo
This study is aimed at determining the impact that web-based middleware systems can imprint in enhancing learning and assessment. Representative samples of students attending introductory computer classes at the Technikon, were assessed to determine the level of their knowledge and use of the Internet. Very few of them demonstrate high Internet knowledge and awareness. Over 80% indicate willingnes ...
Web-based, middleware, Internet, programming, applications
Marina Keiko Nakayama, Bianca Smith Pilla, Erlaine Binotto, Ricardo Azambuja Silveira
This paper describes a case study concerning the human dimension in a Distance Learning (DL) program implemented at a telecommunications company in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The objective was to identify how the company addresses this perspective in the administration of their DL System. To attain the proposed objectives, documentation techniques, direct observation and interviews we ...
E-learning, Distance Learning, Virtual Training, Human Dimension and Technology.
Ilona Box
A community-based learning object repository supports the sharing and collaboration of learning object development within discipline or topic area communities. The repository is built using an object-oriented method and implemented using JADE, an object-oriented technology platform. The repository is a software system aimed at improving the creation, collection, quality assurance, and ultimately t ...
Object-orientation, learning object repository, learning objects, double blind review, peer review, JADE, IEEE LOM
Hong Wu
This paper describes an online course “Construction Engineering and Project Calculations”, conducted by 0stfold University College of Norway in 2002. The course was targeted to the college’s engineering students, mainly on campus, with a possibility for off-campus course participants. It was intended to introduce online courseware (LearningSpace) as a learning tool for the course, and the students ...
Web based or web supported environment, course organizing, learning style, and virtual classroom
Zhojun Zhao, Jairo Gutierrez
Recent e-commerce failures caused by poor e-customer service have motivated many researchers to explore the factors that influence e-customer service quality, which leads to business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce success. The research reported in this paper explored the perceptions of a group of New Zealand e-customers and e-users about e-customer service and the influence of their perceptions on t ...
e-customer service quality, Internet shopping, B2C, online vendors
Marlien Herselman, Matt Warren
This study shows that cyber crime is a recent addition to the list of crimes that can adversely affect businesses directly or indirectly. This phenomenon was not directly prosecutable in South Africa until the enactment of the ECT Act in July 2002. However this Act also prevents businesses to fully prosecute a hacker due to incompleteness. Any kind of commercially related crime can be duplicated a ...
Cyber crime in South Africa, business, banking and insurance sector
Hong Wu, Gunnar Andersson, Mathias Wilichowski
This paper describes a case of an international student online project. The project was a part of cooperation between two European educational institutions, 0stfold University College in Norway and University of Wismar in Germany. An international student group consisting of three German students and five Norwegian students joined this project. Technically, the project was testing of an open sourc ...
Open source platform, international student exchanges, network cooperation, student activities
Kathy Lynch
One of the greatest concerns for many employers recruiting beginning information systems (IS) professionals is not the new recruit’s inadequacies in discipline skills or knowledge, but their general lack of the skills required to work effectively within a collaborative team in a changing workplace environment. It is the responsibility of education institutions to prepare beginning IS professionals ...
collaboration, skills, information systems, information technology
Wanwu Guo
Project development is scheduled in the final year study of undergraduate students in computer science, software engineering, information technology, and other relevant programs. This final project provides students an opportunity to integrate all the skills and knowledge learnt from their previous studies into real practice. Experience in supervising student projects shows that student’s ability ...
Student IT Project, Project Team Management, Project Supervision, Principles and Tactics, Human incompatibility
Irena Ali, Leoni Warne, Derek Bopping, Dennis Hart, Celina Pascoe
Many organizations grapple with uncertainty and vagaries of economic and political climate. A number of companies attained dramatic competitive advantages in their fields by creating comprehensive, complex communication and information networks. These companies, facilitated by the increasing efficiencies and speed of information technology, remained flexible and adaptable to change by working in a ...
network centric organizations, teamwork, organizational culture, communication climate, collaboration and cooperation

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