Volume 16, 2021
Table of Contents for Volume 16, 2021, of the International Journal of Doctoral Studies
IJDS, International Journal of Doctoral Studies, PhD, doctoral studies
.i - v
Aim/Purpose: This paper compares doctoral student and supervisor expectations of their respective roles and responsibilities in doctoral research supervision relationships in Malaysia. It identifies the areas, and the extent to which expectations align or differ. Background: Incongruence of expectations between doctoral students and their supervisor has been cited as a major contributor to slow c ...
doctoral, supervision, expectations, model, Malaysia
1 - 29
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to detail the experiential learning processes of an 11-week doctoral-level intermediate mixed methods research (MMR) course in which student-researchers conceptualized and implemented an MMR study to apply theoretical and methodological learning in a practical manner. Our aim is to emphasize the value of an applied MMR course for improved student learning ...
mixed methods research, applied research, experiential learning, career satisfac-tion, doctoral education
31 - 46
Supervisory Support for Ethiopian Doctoral Students Enrolled in an Open and Distance Learning Institution
Aim/Purpose: This article reports on quantitative analysis of students’ perceptions on dimensions of augmented face-to-face support. It is built upon the findings from a larger research project that was undertaken to evaluate postgraduate support offered to Ethiopian doctoral students. Background: Student support is critical for the delivery of any quality Open and Distance Learning (ODL) system ...
postgraduate supervision, face-to-face tutorials, open and distance learning
47 - 69
Aim/Purpose: Adapting to the doctoral environment can be a difficult transition. This article emphasizes the importance of academic socialization as a means of integrating into the doctoral culture and persisting during the initial transition to doctoral study. Background: To address the problem of doctoral attrition, I share a personal narrative of problems and persistence during the first year ...
doctoral adaptation, doctoral socialization, transitions, persistence, attrition, autoethnography
71 - 87
Doctoral Students’ Identity Development as Scholars in the Education Sciences: Literature Review and Implications
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to offer a systematic review of empirical literature examining doctoral students’ identity development as scholars in the education sciences. We frame our analysis through a constructivist sociocultural perspective to organize our findings and discuss implications for multiple actors and components that constitute the system of doctoral education, with doc ...
identity development, identity as scholar, doctoral students, education sciences, cultural-historical activity theory, systematic review
89 - 125
Aim/Purpose: Vision 2030 (Saudi Arabia’s national development plan) expects women (50% of all university students) to contribute to a viable economy and ambitious nation, meaning data about their quality of academic life (QAL) during their university experience are timely and significant. They are key players in the nation’s future. Background: This inaugural, exploratory study addresses this und ...
Saudi Arabia, quality of academic life, quality of college life, female graduate students
127 - 147
Aim/Purpose: This particular study aims to contribute to the recent scholarly inquiry of doctoral student identity work within collegiate, attendee-driven writing networks. The study closely explores the implementation and impact of supportive measures in academia for novice researchers in the form of writing events. This paper draws on two case studies of doctoral students reflecting on the impac ...
academic writing, collegiate writing groups, social network, research training, professional identity
149 - 170
Racial Realities: Exploring the Experiences of Black Male Doctoral Candidates in “All But Dissertation” Status
Aim/Purpose: This qualitative study investigated the educational experiences of Black male doctoral students that contributed to prolonged “All But Dissertation” (ABD) status. Background: Explorations of the enrollment and persistent patterns among Black/African American students has shed light on the disparate rates of graduate school completion. While previous scholarship has focused on Black ...
All But Dissertation, doctoral candidates, African American Male
171 - 187
All You Need is Self-Determination: Investigation of PhD Students’ Motivation Profiles and Their Impact on the Doctoral Completion Process
Aim/Purpose: The present study aimed at (1) identifying the naturally occurring patterns of motivation among doctoral students and (2) assessing their impact on the doctoral completion process. Background: Grounded in the self-determination theory, the paper investigated needs satisfaction and the doctoral completion process. Methodology: Two complementary methods were used. First, k-mean cluste ...
PhD student, motivation, retention, quantitative research, person-centered approach, supervisor
189 - 209
Aim/Purpose: The study set out to understand the challenges doctoral students experience at different systemic levels of doctoral education through the perspective of ethical principles. Background: Doctoral students experience various challenges on their journey to the degree, and as high dropout rates indicate, these challenges become critical for many students. Several individual and structura ...
doctoral students’ experiences, ethical principles, ethical challenges, doctoral education, systemic perspective
211 - 236
Aim/Purpose: Multiple barriers exist within doctoral education in the United States that can undermine the success of students, particularly for students with marginalized identities. While mentorship can provide an important form of support, it must be done in an intentional way that is mindful of issues of equity and power. Background: By applying a power-conscious framework to current practice ...
mentorship, doctoral students, power conscious, doctoral education, United States
237 - 252
Parents Pursuing a Doctorate of Education: A Mixed Methods Examination of How Parents Manage the Roles of Student and Parent
Aim/Purpose: Doctoral students who are parents are increasingly more common, particularly in female-dominated disciplines, such as education. This study aims to examine the experiences of parents pursuing an education doctorate Background: This study examines the experiences of doctoral students who are parents and their perceptions of support in order to determine how programs and faculty can be ...
doctoral studies, Ed. D, parents, motherhood, academia
253 - 272
Aim/Purpose: This paper reflects on participation in an International Doctoral Research Seminar, held in Beijing, China, to consider what it means to locate difference and make meaning in a globalized world in relation to teaching and learning. Background: The impetus for our inquiry stems from our shared experience at the seminar, which brought together 12 graduate students and six faculty membe ...
meaning-making, difference, globalization, praxis, stories, ethics
273 - 290
Doctoral Candidates’ Academic Writing Output and Strategies: Navigating the Challenges of Academic Writing During a Global Health Crisis
Aim/Purpose: To date, few studies have investigated the impact of global health crises on the academic writing of doctoral candidates. This paper seeks to start a conversation about the impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic on doctoral candidates’ academic writing output and strategies. Background: This paper employs and analyses data elicited from surveys and interviews involving doctoral cand ...
COVID-19, academic writing, writing output, writing strategies
291 - 317
Aim/Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the rate of delay, explanatory causes, and coping strategies of PhD candidates at Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia’s premier university, over the last ten years. Background: Delayed graduation is a common theme in doctoral education around the world. It continues to draw the concern of governments, universities, and the candidates themselves, calli ...
PhD studies, doctoral education, PhD study delay, delayed graduation, Addis Ababa university
319 - 337
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present clear definitions of the population structures essential to research, to provide examples of how these structures are described within research, and to propose a basic structure that novice researchers may use to ensure a clearly and completely defined population of interest and sample from which they will collect data. Background: Novice re ...
population of interest, target population, sampling frame, sample, unit of analysis, unit of observation
339 - 362
Aim/Purpose: This paper analyses the textual features of contract cheating websites that offer thesis writing services for doctoral students and considers implications for practice. Background: Contract cheating is an increasing challenge for higher education institutions, governments and societies worldwide. However, relatively little is known about the prevalence of online thesis writing servic ...
contract cheating, academic integrity, doctoral students
363 - 377
Community of Practice Among Faculty Team-Teaching Education Doctorate (Ed.D.) Students: A Reflective Study
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of the study was to contribute to knowledge about the ways in which incorporating a Community of Practice into doctoral seminar teaching and course management could be a practical and sustainable path to professional development for doctoral faculty aspiring to become stewards of the practice of teaching. Background: This report documents a reflective self-study conducte ...
community of practice, stewards of practice, team teaching, doctoral seminar, reflective self-study, systematic reflection
379 - 393
Narrative Inquiry into Chinese International Doctoral Students’ Journey: A Strength-Based Perspective
Aim/Purpose: This narrative inquiry study uses a strength-based approach to study the cross-cultural socialization journey of Chinese international doctoral students at a U.S. Land Grant university. Historically, we thought of socialization as an institutional or group-defined process, but “journey” taps into a rich narrative tradition about individuals, how they relate to others, and the identiti ...
Chinese international doctoral students, socialization, cultural capital, strength-based perspective, narrative inquiry
395 - 428
The Mental Health and Well-Being of Master’s and Doctoral Psychology Students at an Urban Canadian University
Aim/Purpose: Although the high rates of stress and psychological distress in graduate students has been well-documented, Canadian samples are underrepresented in the extant literature. The present study explores prevalence rates of burnout and psychological distress in a sample of psychology master’s and doctoral students at a university in a large urban Canadian city, as well as factors relating ...
graduate students, mental health, burnout, job demands-resources model, well-being
429 - 447
The Socialization for Teaching: Factors Related to Teaching Career Aspirations for Doctoral Students of Color
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of our study was to gain a better understanding of the socialization factors that contribute to the aspirations of doctoral students of Color to pursue teaching careers. Background: Internationally, there has been a renewed call to diversify the professoriate. While the literature often examines early pathway issues and hiring bias, one efficient solution is to continu ...
graduate education, doctoral socialization, race, sense of belonging, teaching
449 - 467
A Four Stage Framework for the Development of a Research Problem Statement in Doctoral Dissertations
Aim/Purpose: Provide methodology suggesting steps to doctoral mentors to work with students in constructing their research problem statement in their dissertation. Background: Writing a doctoral dissertation is a long journey, and it typically starts with writing the research problem statement. Students face challenges in articulating the research problem statement. Clearly articulating the resea ...
research problem statement, research dissertation, problem statement
469 - 485
Examining Educational Leadership Doctoral Students’ Self-Efficacy as Related to Their Role as a Scholarly Practitioner Researcher
Aim/Purpose: This study examined an educational leadership doctoral preparation program to better understand how students’ self-efficacy evolves from the lens of a scholarly practitioner researcher as they progress through specified checkpoints to degree completion. The aim was to identify what factors contributed to building scholarly practitioner researcher skills and what factors hindered the d ...
self-efficacy, educational leadership, leadership preparation, problem of prac-tice, scholarly practitioner researchers
487 - 512
Aim/Purpose: This article explores the content of PhD student tweets. It has three main aims: (a) to examine what is discussed regarding the PhD process, (b) to evaluate whether tweets express primarily positive or negative sentiments, and (c) to uncover the key themes discussed in both positive and negative tweets. Background: Recent surveys of PhD students have raised concerns about their well ...
PhD, Twitter, sentiment analysis, mental health, #phdlife, #phdchat
513 - 531
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to document the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic for doctoral students who were proposing, conducting, or writing up their doctoral thesis, dissertation, or other culminating project. Background: For doctoral students, the process of designing, implementing, and writing a culminating project is a key part of the learning experience. These projects typica ...
doctoral education, COVID-19 pandemic, doctoral writing
533 - 552
Aim/Purpose: Grounded Theory (GT) has grown and developed into several strands making its application all the more problematic, argumentative and remaining potentially as a research methodology to avoid when it comes to doctoral research, early-career research. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to revisit GT as a general approach and present an evolved and more considered step-by-step guide to co ...
grounded theory, doctoral students, early career researchers, methodology
553 - 568
Aim/Purpose: This descriptive study examines indicators of well-being and sources of emotional connection for social work doctoral students at American institutions during the COVID-19 pandemic, including symptoms of depression, anxiety, work-related burnout, emotional connection to others, and changes in child care among parent respondents. This study also explores if particular groups of doctora ...
doctoral students, COVID-19, well-being, emotional connection, burnout
569 - 592
Interest, Burnout, and Drop-Out Intentions Among Finnish and Danish Humanities and Social Sciences PhD. Students
Aim/Purpose: This study focused on advancing understanding of individual variations in doctoral students’ interest in their doctoral studies and how they related to experiences of burnout and drop-out intentions in Denmark and Finland. Background: Ph.D. students’ experiences of interest, burnout, and dropout intentions among Finnish and Danish Ph.D. students have not been researched before. Resea ...
doctoral education, Ph.D. students, interest profiles, burnout, drop-out intentions, cross-cultural comparison
593 - 609
Doctoral Students’ Academic and Professional Network Development: A Collaborative Autoethnography of Students Engaged in Fatherhood Research
Aim/Purpose: The overarching purpose of this paper was to examine how a collaborative working group of doctoral students from different institutions evolved into a community of practice and developmental network. Specifically, the aim of this study was to examine this group’s progression from working group to support group, a process that occurred through academic support, social support, professi ...
doctoral students, collaborative autoethnography, social support, communities of practice, developmental networks, higher education
611 - 631
Aim/Purpose: This paper identifies and examines cross-cutting experiences from the perspective of two doctoral students, whose research was affected by the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). Background: The COVID-19 pandemic continues to be challenging for higher education scholars in terms of proceeding with their research and how the pandemic sets the scene for changes in higher education’s futur ...
doctoral studies, higher education, COVID-19, collaborative autoethnography, reflection
633 - 656
Similarities and Differences in How Supervisors at Canadian and UK Institutions Understand Doctoral Supervision
Aim/Purpose: The study seeks to establish the potential role that policy and disciplinary contexts of doctoral education play in supervisors’ subjective understandings of PhD supervision. It also intends to show how research into the different ways in which supervision may be understood can help supervisors become more effective in their practice and additionally help institutions design more effe ...
doctoral supervision, intentions, qualitatively different ways of understanding supervision, personal conceptions of supervision
657 - 688
Does Publishing During the Doctorate Influence Completion Time? A Quantitative Study of Doctoral Candidates in Australia
Aim/Purpose: This paper investigates the association between publishing during doctoral candidature and completion time. The effects of discipline and of gaining additional support through a doctoral cohort program are also explored. Background: Candidates recognize the value of building a publication track record to improve their career prospects yet are cognizant of the time it takes to publish ...
cohort program, completion, doctorate, research productivity, time-to-degree
689 - 713
Validation in Doctoral Education: Exploring PhD Students’ Perceptions of Belonging to Scaffold Doctoral Identity Work
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this article is to make a case of the role of validation in doctoral education. The purpose is to detail findings from three studies which explore PhD students’ experiences and perceptions of belonging in one UK university-ty, in order to hypothesise how validation and self-validation could make a difference in doctoral education, and what practices might support this. Bac ...
validation, self-validation, doctoral identity work, belonging, PhD students, graduate teaching assistants
715 - 735
Dismantling Common Perceptions of Research Proposals Through South African Doctoral Students’ and Supervisors’ Experiences
Aim/Purpose: There is a significant amount of research on supervision, assessment, and socio-economic benefits in South Africa. However, there have been relatively few attempts to analyse the research proposal phase, which remains a critical part of doctoral education in South African. Background: As part of the broader transformation agenda in South Africa, universities are under pressure to pro ...
doctoral education, research proposal phase, doctoral students, supervisors, quality
737 - 756
Volume 15, 2020
Table of Contents for Volume 15, 2020, of the International Journal of Doctoral Studies
IJDS, International Journal of Doctoral Studies, PhD, doctoral studies
.i - v
Plugging In: How One Graduate Program Shaped Doctoral Students’ Scholarly Identities as Interdisciplinary Scientists
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand how one graduate program shaped doctoral students’ scholarly identities as interdisciplinary scientists. Background: Scholarly identity refers to the ways individuals see themselves as legitimate, contributing members of their academic community. However, much of the research on scholarly identity focuses on students and faculty within tradi ...
graduate education, scholarly identity, interdisciplinary research
1 - 28
The Validation of Using Assessment Tools and a Theory to Mentor Doctoral Students with Integrity and Trustworthiness
Aim/Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to reveal the assessment tools and a theory preferred to mentor doctoral students with integrity and trustworthiness. The connection between mentors’ feelings of trustworthiness and protégé success were explored. Background: This study examines the concept presented in 1983, 1985, and 1996 by Kram of mentor relations (MR) theory, which illustrates th ...
doctoral mentoring, mentor trustworthiness, mentor integrity, transformation to independent scholar, protégé development
29 - 56
Aim/Purpose: Kenya plans to be a middle-income country by the year 2030. To achieve this development target, the country has rapidly expanded its university sub-sector in order to produce the requisite skilled professionals. This has put a strain on the available PhD holders thus heightening the pressure on universities to produce more PhD graduates to meet the required larger pool of highly quali ...
PhD students’ success, background characteristics, program characteristic, mode of study
57 - 74
Aim/Purpose: This study investigates the professional development needs of educators with a Master’s degree and seeking or having a doctoral degree in education. Background: Understanding the professional development needs of educators is important for meeting these needs. The literature focuses on post-bachelor education but does not address professional development and doctoral degree needs. M ...
professional development, doctorate success, doctorate barriers, doctorate pro-gram, education doctorate, doctorate
75 - 87
Aim/Purpose: This study explored the experiences of women doctoral students and their perceptions of the impact of this experience on their academic careers. Background: While more women than men graduate from doctoral programs in all non-STEM fields, women are more likely to take non-tenure positions or positions at less prestigious programs such as community colleges or teaching focused institu ...
parenting, doctoral education, motherhood, supports, academia
89 - 110
Chair Agency, Chair Preparation, and Academic Supports in Educational Leadership Doctoral Programs in the United States
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this exploratory qualitative case study was to understand dissertation chair agency, chair preparation, and academic supports provided by experienced Educational Leadership Ed.D. dissertation chairs in the United States. Background: Previous research has identified attrition rates of 50-60 percent in education doctoral programs. This research helps identify the facu ...
doctoral dissertations, dissertation chair, doctoral attrition, doctoral reten-tion, graduation rate, educational leadership programs, educational leader-ship faculty development
111 - 133
Aim/Purpose: This qualitative study examined the racist and sexist experiences of doctoral women of color in the academy. Background: Doctoral women of color (e.g., Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, Latina Americans, and Native Americans) continue to experience racism and sexism in academic spaces. While few studies have explored the experiences of doctoral students of color ...
women of color, doctoral students, racist incidents, sexist incidents, oppression, marginalization, resistance, achievement, empowerment
135 - 158
Aim/Purpose: This US-based study explored various facets of impostor phenomenon experienced during PhD training in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Specifically, the purpose of this research was to identify certain experiences that trigger this phenomenon. Background: Competent high-achievers who do not believe in their efforts leading to accomplishments sometimes experi ...
impostor phenomenon, impostor syndrome, doctoral training, STEM training, graduate school, mindset
159 - 179
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between doctoral students’ candidacy examination scores and estimated time to degree completion, measured by dissertation progression. Background: Time to degree completion in doctoral programs continues to be an issue and reasons for high attrition rates for doctoral students are broad and include varied core com ...
doctoral program, comprehensive examination, candidacy examination, degree completion, Doctor of Education, EdD
181 - 198
My Narrative is Not What You Think It Is: Experiences of African Americans in a Doctor of Education Program
Aim/Purpose: This paper examines the experiences of African American students in a doctor of education program at a comprehensive university in Southern California. Background: Qualitative case study methodology and critical race theory is used to highlight asset rather than deficit narratives of the participants, illuminating another aspect of commonly understood experiences for underrepresented ...
African Americans, critical race theory, doctoral education
199 - 216
What Keeps Them Interested? Influences on the Stability of Research Career Intentions in the Course of Academic Qualification
Aim/Purpose: While scientists play a crucial role within modern knowledge societies, the attractiveness of scientific careers in Germany is moderate due to career uncertainty and the limited perspectives of long-term retention in academia. This study identifies (intra-individual) changes in the career intentions of early career researchers. Furthermore, supporting factors for the stability of rese ...
research career intention, early career researchers, stability of research career intentions, scientific career, impostor phenomenon
217 - 235
Saudi Mathematics Students’ Experiences and Challenges with Their Doctoral Supervisors in UK Universities
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the challenges Saudi doctoral students studying in UK universities face with their supervisors, shed light on their experiences, and examine the extent to which these experiences impact their ability to complete their thesis. Furthermore, the aim is to examine the aspects of supervision the students found to be effective during their studies. ...
doctoral students, supervisors, UK universities, experiences and challenges
237 - 263
Aim/Purpose: This paper introduces the Feedback Expectation Tool (FET) as an easy-to-use and flexible pedagogical tool to encourage dialogue on feedback between supervisors and candidates. The main aim of this pedagogical innovation is to allow negotiation to understand expectations and establish boundaries through transparent practices. Background: Feedback is a key element of learning and devel ...
dialogue, doctoral supervision, expectations, feedback, Feedback Expecta-tion Tool (FET)
265 - 284
Psychometric Analysis of a Proposed Model to Determine Factors Influencing Selection of a Research Supervisor
Aim/Purpose: This paper found some factors which influence research supervisees’ selection of their research supervisors. Background: Research on supervisor-supervisee relationship is mostly conducted when research students have already initiated their studies. Research on how a supervisor is selected before the research begins is researched less. How do supervisees select their supervisors? Wh ...
research supervision, supervisee-supervisor relationship, postgraduate re-search, SEM, AMOS
285 - 304
Perceptions After Completing the Degree: A Qualitative Case Study of Select Higher Education Doctoral Graduates
Aim/Purpose: Limited research exists on the perceived value that a doctoral degree has on higher education administrators’ goals; therefore, this collective case study had two purposes. The first was to assess qualitatively the perceptions of four doctorate-holding higher education administrators to explore the potential value associated with their degrees, and the second was to determine whether ...
doctoral degree, perception of value, human capital theory, qualitative re-search methods, higher education administration, professional goals
305 - 327
Aim/Purpose: This mixed-methods research study examined impostor phenomenon during postdoctoral training in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) through the following research question: “What are the manifestations of the impostor phenomenon experienced during postdoctoral training in STEM?” Background: The impostor phenomenon occurs when competent, high-achieving students and ...
impostor phenomenon, impostor syndrome, higher education, post-doctoral training, socialization, STEM, STEM postdocs, transition
329 - 352
Aim/Purpose: Many researchers have investigated factors related to why doctoral candidates do or do not persist in a doctoral program, yet, literature was not found where researchers investigated the relationship between self-directed learning and currently enrolled EdD candidates. The authors sought to understand EdD candidates’ self-direction in learning at the onset of their EdD program. The fi ...
doctoral candidate, education, self-directed learning
353 - 371
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the efficacy of simulated interactive virtual conversations (chatbots) for mentoring underrepresented minority doctoral engineering students who are considering pursuing a career in the professoriate or in industry. Background: Chatbots were developed under the National Science Foundation INCLUDES Design and Developments Launch Pilot award (17 ...
chatbot, supplemental mentoring, engineering, underrepresented minority doctoral students
373 - 392
Doctoral Program Design Based on Technology-Based Situated Learning and Mentoring: A Comparison of Part-Time and Full-Time Doctoral Students
Aim/Purpose: Most programs are designed with full-time doctoral students’ characteristics and needs in mind; few programs consider the unique needs of part-time doctoral students, including time restrictions, experiences during the program, identity development, and different professional aspirations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential differences between part-time and full-ti ...
situated learning, mentoring, technology, part-time doctoral student, program design
393 - 414
Aim/Purpose: One approach to helping doctoral students deal with the many challenges they face is the provision of a structured mentoring programme to complement the more traditional doctoral curriculum and supervisor relationship. This paper reports a mentoring programme containing such activities as individual consultations and peer-mentoring workshops, introduced at one of the non-public univer ...
doctoral education, doctoral students, mentoring programme, peer-mentoring, psychosocial support
415 - 431
Aim/Purpose: This study examined experiences related to the impostor phenomenon among Black doctoral and postdoctoral scholars in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Background: Research on the impostor phenomenon is usually focused on undergraduates, especially for Blacks, with sparse research on Black doctoral and postdoctoral scholars. This phenomenon was originally inves ...
impostor phenomenon, impostor syndrome, Black, STEM, doctoral train-ing, postdoctoral training, higher education, STEM PhD, STEM postdoc-toral scholar
433 - 460
Aim/Purpose: In response to widespread efforts to increase the size and diversity of the biomedical-research workforce in the U.S., a large-scale qualitative study was conducted to examine current and former students’ training experiences in MD (Doctor of Medicine), PhD (Doctor of Philosophy), and MD-PhD dual-degree programs. In this paper, we aimed to describe the experiences of a subset of study ...
MD-PhD program, doctoral training challenges, biomedical-research work-force, attrition, medical education
461 - 483
The Importance of Tough-Love Mentoring to Doctoral Student Success: Instruments to Measure the Doctoral Student/Proteges’ Perspective
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine tough-love mentoring theory (TLM) as a potential way to address the problem of low graduation rates among doctoral students. Background: In order to address this purpose, the researcher presents the following: a) a validation study for assessment tools pertaining to TLM and b) a validation study of TLM theory and its two sub-theories: mentor ...
doctoral mentoring, tough-love mentoring theory, mentor integrity and trustworthiness theory, mentors’ high standards theory
485 - 516
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive picture of doctoral students’ dissertation journeys using Finland as a case country. More specifically, the article examines (1) the students’ backgrounds, (2) their study motives and experiences, and (3) whether or not these elements are related. Background: Despite the massification of higher education (HE), there is a shortage o ...
doctoral students, doctoral education, doctoral capital, cluster analysis, content analysis
517 - 539
A Case Study of Educational Leadership Doctoral Students: Developing Culturally Competent School Leadership Through Study Abroad
Aim/Purpose: This study focuses on how a short-term international study abroad program to England impacted doctoral students’ cultural competencies. Background: The case study captures the experiences of six school leadership doctoral students who traveled abroad to East London, England. The overarching goal of this experience was to improve their self-efficacy for culturally competent school lea ...
leadership preparation, school leaders, cultural competency, culture, intercultural, study abroad, educational leadership
541 - 558
Aim/Purpose: This paper aims to provide important learning insights for doctoral students, researchers and practitioners who wish to research on sensitive topics with research participants from a significantly different culture from their own. Background: Embarking on doctoral research in different cultural contexts presents challenges for doctoral students, especially when researching a sensitiv ...
PhD student, doctoral research, cross-cultural research, sensitive research, autoethnography
559 - 573
Aim/Purpose: This article investigates thirteen students’ lived experiences on an online PhD programme, aiming to develop a better understanding of the nature of doing a PhD online. Background: A large number of adult students with full-time professional roles and other social responsibilities have returned to universities to pursue their doctoral degree in order to advance their personal and pro ...
online doctoral education, PhD programme, part-time doctoral student, co-hort community, supervision, scholarly identity, phenomenology
575 - 593
Aim/Purpose: International PhD students suffer a lot of stress. However, many studies about international students focus on identifying the stressors these students experience rather than the stress-coping strategies, and those that explore international students’ coping behaviour often report maladjustments. Background: This study intended to fill the research gap by examining the strategies tha ...
Chinese PhD students, stress coping, secondary control, qualitative interviews, psychological adjustments
595 - 614
In Pursuit of Careers in the Professoriate or Beyond the Professoriate: What Matters to Doctoral Students When Making a Career Choice?
Aim/Purpose: This qualitative study was conducted to illuminate the under-researched aspect of doctoral students’ career decision-making by examining their internal cognitive processes based on the Cognitive Information Processing (CIP) theory. Specifically, this study compared doctoral students’ career decision-making from two career groups, those pursuing the professoriate versus those pursuing ...
doctoral student career decision-making, professoriate career, careers beyond the professoriate, qualitative research, Cognitive Information Processing theory, graduate student career development
615 - 635
“There’s a Human Being Here”: A Doctoral Class Uses Duoethnography to Explore Invisibility, Hypervisibility, and Intersectionality
Aim/Purpose: This paper contributes to the scholarly literature on intersectionality and social injustice (invisibility, hypervisibility) in higher education and serves as a model for enacting doctoral education where research, theory, and practice converge. Background: Invisibility and hypervisibility have long been documented as social injustices, but very little literature has documented how d ...
doctoral education, duoethnography, invisibility, hypervisibility, intersectionality
637 - 652
Acceptability and Perceived Effectiveness of Approaches to Support Biomedical Doctoral Student Wellness: One Size Doesn’t Fit All
Aim/Purpose: National and international survey studies have begun to identify heightened levels of depression, anxiety, and burnout among doctoral students. Nevertheless, little research has been done to evaluate which interventions may support doctoral student wellness. Background: To guide future interventions research, this study evaluated perceptions of the acceptability and effectiveness of ...
burnout, depression, doctoral students, intervention, wellness
653 - 684
Academic Culture in Doctoral Education: Are Companies Making a Difference in the Experiences and Practices of Doctoral Students in Portugal?
Aim/Purpose: This article examines the experience and practice of doctoral students by focusing on different dimensions of the PhD socialization process. It addresses the question of whether university collaborations with businesses influence the experience and practice of PhD students. Background: The study explores the academic culture in the PhD process through the analysis of the experiences ...
doctoral education, academic culture, university-business collaboration, PhD student’s trajectory
685 - 704
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this systematic grounded theory study was to generate a model explaining how grit and a growth mindset develop and influence persistence in doctoral completers. Since doctoral attrition has historically plagued institutions of higher learning, with conflicting explanations reported in the literature, program leaders will benefit by understanding factors associated with ...
grit, growth mindset, doctoral persistence, higher education, personal and so-cial responsibility
705 - 736
PhD Imposter Syndrome: Exploring Antecedents, Consequences, and Implications for Doctoral Well-Being
Aim/Purpose: Research on doctoral students’ well-being suggests that an interplay of social and psychological factors, such as integration into the scholarly community and perceptions of self-worth, shape students’ experiences. The present research examined the role of these factors in the well-being of doctoral students. Background: Imposter syndrome has long been discussed both formally and inf ...
doctoral education, doctoral well-being, imposter syndrome, mental health, graduate education, doctoral socialization
737 - 758
International Education Equity for Doctoral Students: Duoethnographic Reflections from China and Cameroon
Aim/Purpose: In our reflexivity in this duoethnographic study, we aimed to identify and elicit the authentic voices, thoughts, and experiences of international students from China and Cameroon to explore international education equity’s complexities through the internationalization of curriculum in doctoral programs at U.S. institutions. Background: Many studies have addressed the need for educa ...
international education equity, curriculum internationalization, Chinese, Cameroon, current administration, academic, financial, community
759 - 786
Volume 14, 2019
Table of Contents for Volume 14, 2019, of the International Journal of Doctoral Studies
IJDS, International Journal of Doctoral Studies, PhD, doctoral studies
. i - vii
Aim/Purpose: This systematic review synthesizes the literature on doctoral writing and feedback published in peer-reviewed English-language journals between 1997 and 2017 to provide insight into how these topics have been theorized and approached. The goal was to examine how this literature characterizes the development of academic identity in doctoral students to better understand the conceptual ...
academic identity, doctoral writing, feedback, systematic review
1 - 31
Aim/Purpose: This study aimed to investigate doctoral student preparation for the professoriate through a formal course entitled “The Professoriate.” Background: Many studies addressed the need for improved graduate preparation, however, the study of doctoral student experiences in preparation courses, designed as part of the doctoral academic programs, has received less attention. Methodology: ...
doctoral education, doctoral student preparation, the professoriate
33 - 67
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this study is to contribute to current knowledge of team supervision. Specifically, we examine the relationship between main supervisor and co-supervisor regarding credibility in the division of roles and responsibilities within supervision teams. Background: The overall intention of this article is to provide more information about the dynamics in the relationship betwee ...
team supervision, power dynamics, responsibility, academic competencies, doctoral programs
69 - 84
Educational Leadership Doctoral Faculty Academic Qualifications and Practitioner Experiences in Georgia
Aim/Purpose: This study examined doctoral faculty of educational leadership within the state of Georgia in the United States. The aim was to illustrate the academic qualifications and practitioner experiences of the faculty that develop students in educational leadership programs to be scholarly practitioners and future educational leaders. Background: Faculty of educational leadership program ...
academic qualifications, Doctor of Education, doctoral faculty, educa-tional leadership, practitioner experiences, scholarly practitioners
85 - 104
Aim/Purpose: Dropout is a critical problem in graduate college programs across disciplines and institutions. Yet relatively little research has assessed graduate students’ motivations for dropping out across disciplines, or systematically modeled perceptions that contribute to dropout intentions. Background: Perceptions drive critical decisions that people make about their lives, and a core se ...
graduate education, graduate student retention, dropout intentions, graduate student perceptions, self-efficacy, satisfaction, graduate college experience, graduate experience gap, competence, identity development
105 - 132
Aim/Purpose: Doctoral student completion rates are notoriously low; although statistics differ depending on which study one consults, a typical completion rate is about 50%. However, studies show mentors can use strategies to improve students’ graduation rates. Our purpose was to learn from effective mentors about the processes they believe are most important in guiding doctoral students to the su ...
doctoral student mentoring, writing support, research methods support, best practices, empirical paper
133 - 159
Aim/Purpose: This article uses the enrollment approach contained in the Actor-Network Theory (ANT) to challenge the deterministic perspectives of doctoral socialization and offers a new perspective based on co-construction between social and technological entities mobilized during the doctoral education as a driver of success. Background: Most studies have used deterministic approaches to show th ...
doctoral education, doctoral socialization, PhD students, supervisory politics, Actor-Network Theory (ANT), socio-technological enrollment
161 - 185
Aim/Purpose: This conceptual paper proposes interaction support based on the Interaction Equivalency Theorem (EQuiv) to support interaction for non-traditional doctoral students who have been identified as attrition risks. Background: The master-apprentice form of doctoral education consists primarily of interaction with the supervisor for academic purposes. If this interaction is impaired, it m ...
doctoral education, persistence, interaction equivalency theorem, part-time non-traditional students
187 - 216
Evaluating a Model to Increase Doctorate Program Completion Rates: A Focus on Social Connectedness and Structure
Aim/Purpose: New models of curriculum and instruction are needed to help increase completion rates of doctoral programs, as only about half of all students who begin doctoral programs complete them. This paper presents preliminary results of an evaluation of a promising new model called the Ewing Model© where the culminating projects of a doctoral program is completed in a series of five sequentia ...
retention, attrition, completion, Ewing Model, social connectedness, doctoral research project, applied research project, dissertation, culminating project, usefulness of curriculum and instruction
217 - 236
Toward Understanding Factors Salient to Doctoral Students’ Persistence: The Development and Preliminary Validation of the Doctoral Academic-Family Integration Inventory
Aim/Purpose: Despite the literature documenting the importance of family in persistence, doctoral students’ Academic-Family integration has been relatively ignored. Thus, in this study, the construct of doctoral academic-family integration is defined, followed by the creation and validation an instrument. Background: The challenge of integrating the doctoral degree program and family is a centra ...
doctoral student persistence, academic-family integration, academic-family boundaries, academic-family balance, retention, persistence
237 - 258
Aim/Purpose: For the purpose of better understanding the reasons of their withdrawal and experiences, this study seeks to elicit the voices of Chinese international students who have withdrawn from doctoral studies in Canada. Background: This study used Tinto’s institutional departure model as a framework. His model illustrates that the experience of individuals in that institution modifies their ...
doctoral students, withdrawal, cultural differences, Chinese international students
259 - 276
Turned Off from an Academic Career: Engineering and Computing Doctoral Students and the Reasons for Their Dissuasion
Aim/Purpose: We sought to understand factors that dissuade engineering and computing doctoral students in the United States from pursuing a career in the professoriate. Background: Many PhD students start the doctoral process excited about the possibility of becoming a professor. After a few years of doctoral education, however, many become less interested in academic careers or even come to loat ...
doctoral programs, engineering and computing, academic careers
277 - 305
Ranking of Accounting Doctoral Programs Based on Student Ratings in Ratemyprofessors.com and the Effect of Formal Teaching Training on the Rankings
Aim/Purpose: Although there are calls for better teaching training for accounting doctoral students, there are limited research findings on rankings of accounting doctoral programs based on the teaching effectiveness of their graduates. Background: There are two research objectives of this study. First, we rank the US accounting doctoral programs based on the student perceptions of the teaching e ...
doctoral program, accounting doctoral program, accounting program, teaching training, ratemyprofessors, student rating
307 - 324
Aim/Purpose: This study explores the various teaching and learning approaches, curriculum design, and program requirements for 70 doctoral programs in leadership. Background: Early research indicates that few studies have addressed learner-centred and process-based approaches to leadership studies among doctoral programs in leadership worldwide. This study is the first complete review of programs ...
teaching and learning approaches, doctoral programs, leadership, organisational leadership, learner-centred approach
325 - 350
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between preadmission criteria and doctoral student performance ratings and to develop a model to predict student persistence in one doctoral program of educational leadership. Background: Individuals responsible for program admission decisions have a responsibility to minimize bias in the candidate selection process. Despite an i ...
doctoral students, educational leadership, admission, selection, Graduate Record Examination (GRE), grade point average (GPA
351 - 365
Aim/Purpose: This paper investigates the role of social support in the PhD. Despite universities’ efforts to provide a collegial PhD experience, candidates report isolation and loneliness in doctoral education – a factor contributing to attrition. Background: Previous research (Mantai & Dowling, 2015) defined social support in four categories: moral, emotional, guiding and mentoring, companionshi ...
social support, relationships, PhD, doctoral experience, researcher development, student diversity, belonging
367 - 382
Aim/Purpose: This work examines the role of professional development in higher education graduate programs through the use of reflective teaching approaches. We discuss the relevance of a professional development framework in supporting the exploration of moral reasoning in addressing challenges in the higher education profession. Background: Shifts in demographics within college university envi ...
professional development, graduate programs, moral reasoning, racial and cultural awareness
383 - 401
Aim/Purpose: This article provides a much needed insight into the experiences of doctoral researchers in the UK that identify as Lesbian, Bisexual, Gay, Trans-, Queer, or outside of heteronormative or cis-normative identities (LGBTQ+) to address the question of what support, culture, and pedagogy might better support doctoral researchers who identify as LGBTQ+. Background: While experiences of LG ...
LGBTQ+, supervision, doctoral education, postgraduate research, equality, diversity, inclusion
403 - 430
Students’ Perceptions of Supervisory Qualities: What do Students want? What do they believe they receive?
Aim/Purpose: This paper explores students’ perceptions of qualities they believe their ideal supervisor should possess as well as those they see as characterizing their current and past supervisors. Background: Over more than three decades, multiple cultural contexts and diverse methodologies, research studies have demonstrated that what person related human qualities in postgraduate research sup ...
supervisory qualities, supervision, supervisory relationships, postgraduate attrition
431 - 464
“What my Parents Think I Do …” – Doctoral Students’ Assumptions about how Private and Work-related Groups View their Work
Aim/Purpose: This study aimed at investigating whether doctoral students are already confronted with expectations that reflect a primacy of research and whether they adopt such views for themselves. Background: There is a consensus among academics in the university system that research is typically valued more strongly than teaching in terms of prestige, rewards, and career options. Such prioriti ...
doctoral students, research, teaching, expectations, primacy, private relationships, supervisor, colleagues, prioritization, academics
465 - 478
Academic Conferences as Learning Sites: A Multinational Comparison of Doctoral Students’ Perspectives and Institutional Policy
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this paper is to explore trends and motivations for doctoral students’ participation in domestic and international conferences. We draw on doctoral students’ perceptions and experiences from four contexts (USA, Scotland, England, Australia) to further explore variations across different global contexts. Background: There is increased recognition of the importance of confer ...
doctoral education, doctoral/PhD students, networking, academic conference, academic workforce
479 - 497
Aim/Purpose: The overall aim of this study was to improve our understanding of engineering student satisfaction and expectations with PhD supervision and their perceptions of the roles in a supervisory relationship. Background: Studies on PhD supervision quality are highly valuable, mainly when they provide information on supervision experiences from students’ perspectives, rather than from super ...
doctorate, higher education, relationship, advisor, survey
499 - 524
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this conceptual paper is to align key aspects of the heroic journey archetype with existing research and writing about doctoral students, thereby extending previous discussions of this topic. Background: While obtaining a doctoral degree is often described as a heroic journey, that assertion has not been fully explored from a depth psychology standpoint. Because myth i ...
doctoral education, heroic journey, archetypes, Jungian psychology
525 - 542
Aim/Purpose: Graduate programs aim to prepare students for future professional roles, yet doctoral graduates often earn faculty positions at institutions that differ from those in which they were socialized. Navigating this “preparation gap” can produce feelings of uncertainty, tension, and, ultimately, dissonance. This collaborative autoethnographic study explores the gap as it was experienced by ...
early career faculty, doctoral socialization, collaborative autoethnography
543 - 566
Aim/Purpose: The doctoral experience is a complex, challenging, and life-changing process. Cultivating a scholarship mindset is a requirement for success in early and later academic careers. This paper presents a situated framework for socializing doctoral students' scholarship mindset. Background: Faculty of doctoral education programmes prepare students for higher education and other schola ...
doctoral education; doctoral mentoring; doctoral programmes; scholarship; scholarship mindset, socialisation
567 - 580
Supervisory Practices for Intrinsic Motivation of Doctoral Students: A Self-determination Theory Perspective
Aim/Purpose: The quality, degree of effort and persistence required in doctoral studies can be sustained through intrinsic motivation. Despite the critical role of motivation, studies that examine ways to promote doctoral students’ motivation are lacking. This study, drawing on the self-determination theoretical (SDT) framework, aims to offer advice for supervisory practices to facilitate the sati ...
higher education, supervisory practices, doctoral studies, motivation, self-determination theory
581 - 595
Assessing Doctoral Student Development of Self-Authorship: The Epistemological, Intrapersonal, and Interpersonal Growths
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess to what extent current doctoral students developed self-authored perspectives, as well as to assess whether or not there was an association between the number of years in the doctoral program and the development of three dimensions of self-authorship (i.e., Epistemological, Intrapersonal, and Interpersonal). Background: Self-authorship is a way ...
self-authorship, developmental theory, doctoral students, teaching and learning, higher education
597 - 611
Aim/Purpose: Doctoral education faces a serious problem: many students across the country begin the degree, but never graduate. However, effective mentoring can help students attain graduation, signaling their successful transformation to scholar. We believe the power of the mentor to bring about the transformation from student to scholar has to do with the quality of the relationship between ment ...
trust, authoritative style, tough love, collegiality, doctoral mentoring, empirical and theory-building paper
613 - 635
Factors Affecting Academic Self-Efficacy and Academic Self-handicapping Behaviors in Doctoral Students
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine to which degree age, race, and Socioeconomic Status (SES) influence academic self-efficacy and academic self-handicapping behaviors in doctoral. Background: Across all disciplines, more than 50% of students who begin a doctoral program do not persist to graduation. Although the issue of student retention and psychological factors have been ...
doctoral students, student retention, academic self-efficacy, academic self-handicapping
637 - 649
Aim/Purpose: This article reports on university-funded research conducted to inform, design and implement applied industry-integrated training that could support higher degree by research (HDR) candidates in the disciplines of nursing and creative arts. Background: Doctoral candidates contribute in steadily increasing numbers to the intellectual and economic capital of universities globally, how ...
higher degree by research (HDR) training, doctoral training, doctoral support, action research
651 - 673
Doctoral Trainee Preferences for Career Development Resources: The Influence of Peer and Other Supportive Social Capital
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand doctoral and postdoctoral trainee preferences for different models of career development resources and how career-relevant social capital affects these preferences. Background: The supply and demand mismatch within the academic job market is augmented by a growing complaint that trainees are not prepared for a range of careers beyond the aca ...
social capital, biomedical, career development, doctoral students, postdoctoral fellows
675 - 702
Beyond Personal Expectations: Research Supervision Framed as a Collective Endeavour in Online Structured Doctoral Programmes
Aim/Purpose: This paper explores how online structured doctoral programmes (OSDPs) can sustain more fully the collective dimension of supervision for student emancipation leading to academic success. The paper answers the following research question: What mechanisms, if any, are responsible for successful online supervision leading to student academic success, and under what conditions can this oc ...
autoethnography, collective reflexivity, corporate agency, critical realism, online supervision
703 - 720
Aim/Purpose: The paper establishes how doctoral supervisors develop the supervision skills needed to handle the doctoral supervision process in the contemporary world. Background: While the existing literature confirms that PhD holders can supervise doctoral students, there is a need to provide supporting evidence that the skills they possess qualify them to do this. Methodology: Using the qua ...
doctoral supervision, supervisors, principal investigators, doctoral education
721 - 739
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this case study is to describe the experiences of educational leadership doctoral students when taking a conference course for the fulfillment of their program’s experiential learning requirements. The research explains how the course added to students’ understanding of educational research and development as research scholars. Background: Research on doctoral student ...
scholarly development, educational leadership conference, doctoral students, adult learning theory, socialization, experiential learning
741 - 760
Aim/Purpose: This qualitative case-study explores how a doctoral student’s family influences the doctoral student’s success from the perspective of doctoral students who were enrolled in an online doctoral program. Background: Previous research has shown that family can significantly influence doctoral student success; however, it is not clear what is meant by family nor what the details of the i ...
doctoral student, doctoral student success, retention, attrition, family support, family integration, qualitative, orientation
761 - 782
The Philosophical Approach of Sankofa: Perspectives on Historically Marginalized Doctoral Students in the United States and South Africa
Aim/Purpose: This work contributes to the expansion of dialogue on doctoral education research in the United States, South Africa, and within the context of higher education internationalization. There is an emphasis on identifying and reinterpreting the doctoral process where racial and cultural aspects have been marginalized by way of institutional and systemic exclusion. An underlying premise i ...
doctoral studies, internationalization, racial and cultural diversity
783 - 801
Graduates’ Continuing Work as Scholarly Practitioners after Participation in a Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate Guided, EdD Program
Aim/Purpose: This paper examined whether, and how, graduates of an EdD program continued to (a) engage in scholarly practitioner efforts and (b) employ inquiry skills in their workplace settings after completion of their doctoral studies. Background: Little research has been conducted on follow-up of graduates of doctoral programs. The limited research that has been done, typically, was conduct ...
doctoral program graduates, scholarly practitioner, inquiry skills, CPED, EdD
803 - 817
Volume 13, 2018
Table of Contents for Volume 13, 2018, of the International Journal of Doctoral Studies
IJDS, International Journal of Doctoral Studies, PhD
. i - iii
Aim/Purpose: In the time that we study for our dissertation, our learning takes many turns. Sometimes we feel excited, motivated and accomplished, while other times frustrated, tired or unsure. This paper presents a poem to illustrate one student’s PhD journey through reflection on those fluctuations, milestones and learning moments experienced along the way. Background: Central to the journey pr ...
autoethnography, interpretivist paradigm, learning, poetry
1 - 8
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this paper is to identify some of the issues in writing a trans-disciplinary doctoral thesis and to develop strategies for addressing them, particularly focusing on the presentation of data and data analysis. The paper, based on the authors’ own experience, offers guidance to, and invites further comment from, transdisciplinary doctoral candidates, their supervisors and the ...
transdisciplinarity, doctorate examination, doctoral writing, data analysis, higher degree research students, research communication
9 - 29
Aim/Purpose: This study analyses the concept of doctorateness and its defining characteristics and gives a definition for it by examining the various ways it is used in doctoral education literature. Background: The term ‘doctorateness’ is an immature unclarified concept referred to as a common quality for all doctoral awards. With the emergence of different types of doctoral studies worldwide, ...
doctorateness, definition, concept, doctorate, doctoral education, model
31 - 48
Exploring the Psychological Benefits of Using an Emerging Video Technology to Coach and Retain Doctoral Learners
Aim/Purpose: Retention of doctoral students, particularly during the dissertation stage, has been a decades-old concern. The study examined the value of dissertation chairs’ use of a cloud-based video technology for coaching doctoral students, and its influence on psychological factors previously linked to retention. The psychological aspects included social presence, research self-efficacy, socia ...
emerging technology, video meeting technology, virtual coaching, doctoral stu-dent coaching, doctoral student retention, social presence, research self-efficacy, social isolation, intrinsic motivation, web conferencing
49 - 78
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this quantitative descriptive study is to provide a preliminary examination of students’ retention factors of engagement, communication, and isolation that may be affected by the introduction and use of online communities for dissertation development within an online doctoral program. Background: This research is a continuation of the university’s 5-year research initi ...
online learning, private workspaces, retention, attrition, isolation, communica-tion, student engagement, connectedness, doctoral programs
79 - 107
Aim/Purpose: The present work focuses on French PhD students’ well-being: an understudied working population thus far, which impedes the development of evidence-based policies on this issue in France.The focus of this work is the well-being of French PhD students, on which almost nothing has been published thus far, impeding any evidence-based policy on this issue to be carried out in France. Bac ...
PhD students, graduate students, doctoral students, well-being, mental health, positive psychology
109 - 138
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this study is to further our collective understanding of the practicalities and possibilities of the Thesis by Publication (TBP) in the disciplinary context of the Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) in Australia. Background: Recent times have seen an increasing pressure for publication during candidature in Australian universities for a range of strategic goals that are ...
thesis by publication, publication during candidature, thesis structure, hu-manities, social sciences
139 - 154
Developing my Research Identity (Embodying the Self) through Exploring the Experience of Woman- to-Woman Rape and Sexual Assault Victim/Survivors: Doing, Being, Becoming, and Belonging
Aim/Purpose: Engagement in doctoral training is intended to lead to personal development, as well as – of course - the development of a person’s skills as a researcher. Having engaged in the occupation of doctoral training, I aim to reflect upon how my identity as researcher developed throughout this process; that is, through doing, being, becoming, and belonging. The aim of my doctoral research w ...
woman-to-woman, rape, sexual assault, identity, occupation, occupational science, auto/biography
155 - 167
Identifying Unmet Training Needs for Postgraduate Research Students in the Biomedical Sciences through Audit of Examiners’ Reports
Aim/Purpose: Understanding the educational needs of postgraduate research candidates (PGRs) is essential to facilitate development, support attainment, and maintain graduate quality. Background: The production and effective defence of the research thesis are the summative assessment tools used in postgraduate research education. Examiners’ reports provide a rich source of feedback and indicate th ...
doctoral training, education, feedback, learning needs assessment, quality out-come, quality graduates
169 - 191
Reflexivity in International Contexts: Implications for U.S. Doctoral Students International Research Preparation
Aim/Purpose: Learning to conduct research, including considerations for concepts such as reflexivity, is a key component of doctoral student preparation in higher education. Yet limited attention is given to doctoral student training for conducting international research, particularly in understanding researcher reflexivity within international contexts. Background: Incorporating reflexive prac ...
doctoral education, internationalization, reflexivity, research training, higher education
193 - 210
Aim/Purpose: To present quantitative results of an investigation that assessed crises reported by doctoral candidates while working toward their degree. Background: Crises that candidates encounter during their doctoral journey may lead to attrition from the doctoral program. A crisis in a doctoral project has several characteristics that must be understood in order to identify the crisis and, ...
crisis in doctoral research, adviser-candidate relationship, doctoral education
211 - 231
Developing Care and Socio-Emotional Learning in First Year Doctoral Students: Building Capacity for Success
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this research is to explore and describe the role of care and socio-emotional learning in the first year of doctoral study. In particular, understanding the nature of the caring relationships doctoral students experience and their development of effective socio-emotional capacity are the primary foci of this study. It may provide institutions with data necessary to ad ...
doctoral study, socio-emotional learning, ethics of care, learning care
233 - 253
Internal Motivation among Doctoral Students: Contributions from the Student and from the Student’s Environment
Aim/Purpose: The present quantitative, cross-sectional study aimed to investigate objective and subjective factors in the self-determination of doctoral students in their educational activities. Objective determinants included major discipline and forms of academic and scholarly activity (that is, attending classes and writing papers), and subjective determinants included personal characteristics ...
education, doctoral students, internal motivation, academic-scholarly activity, self-determination, psychological needs
255 - 272
The Manuscript Dissertation: A Means of Increasing Competitive Edge for Tenure-track Faculty Positions
Aim/Purpose: The traditional doctoral dissertation is the first major research project that is led by doctoral students, but it does not necessarily prepare them to publish shorter articles in journals. The manuscript dissertation provides a way for doctoral students to establish themselves as researchers while gaining the experience of developing peer-reviewed manuscripts before graduation, thus ...
manuscript dissertation, doctoral dissertation, publication, tenure-track faculty, doctoral advisors
273 - 292
In Good Company: A Collaborative Autoethnography Describing the Evolution of a Successful Doctoral Cohort
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the creation and organization of an organic collaborative doctoral cohort, in order to better understand what makes doctoral cohorts successful. The participant-researchers explore their experience as creators and members of this unique group. Background: Although adults often prefer to work on their own, cohorts provide opportunities for colla ...
collaborative autoethnographies, doctoral students, cohort, collaboration, higher education
293 - 311
Aim/Purpose: Multiple emotional and cognitive resources are needed for graduate students to overcome stress associated with balancing studies and personal life. This research aimed to explore the difficulties, which graduate student-mothers face while balancing school and parenting, and describe mechanisms of the balancing process. Background: Graduate student-mothers need to structure their ti ...
graduate school, student-mothers, intensive mothering
313 - 326
Aim/Purpose: This study aimed to explore individual variation in doctoral candidates’ perceptions about research writing and themselves as writers (research writing perceptions) across three countries (Spain, Finland, and the UK) and the relationship with doctoral candidates’ research conditions and social support. Background: The present study employed a person-centered approach to identify prof ...
doctoral candidates; doctoral writing; writing perceptions; social support; re-search writing; cross-national study
327 - 345
Intertwined Journeys of a PhD Student and Unaccompanied Minors: Autoethnography of Research with Vulnerable Participants
Aim/Purpose: The aim of this article is to discuss a PhD student’s experience of working with unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors, amidst a rapidly changing global situation. The focus is on how the research process influenced the novice PhD student, and how the student’s subject position influenced the research. Background: The incentive for this article comes from an examiner’s comment, which ...
autoethnography, Finland, PAR, pedagogical love, unaccompanied minors
347 - 359
The PhD Experience: A Review of the Factors Influencing Doctoral Students’ Completion, Achievement, and Well-Being
Aim/Purpose: Research on students in higher education contexts to date has focused primarily on the experiences undergraduates, largely overlooking topics relevant to doctoral students’ mental, physiological, motivational, and social experiences. Existing research on doctoral students has consistently found mental and physical health concerns and high attrition rates among these students, but a co ...
doctoral education; doctoral well-being; higher education; graduate education; doctoral achievement
361 - 388
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how the basic psychological needs of self-determination theory are reflected in doctoral students’ motivation to earn the PhD. Background: As isolating as the doctoral experience seems, it is one that occurs in a social-cultural environment that can either support or hinder the student. This research highlights the motivational influences of l ...
basic psychological needs theory, doctoral student motivation, library and infor-mation science, self-determination theory
389 - 411
The Correlation between Self-Efficacy and Time to Degree Completion of Educational Leadership Doctoral Students
Aim/Purpose: This study examined an Ed.D. program redesign to address time to degree completion. The aim was to emphasize the need to improve students’ academic writing and embody a scholarly practitioner approach to research. Background: Doctoral programs have the highest attrition of graduate programs, with almost half of the students taking six to seven years to complete. Methodology: An ex- ...
degree completion, educational leadership, leadership preparation, problem of practice, scholarly practitioners
413 - 439
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the rich potential for transformative learning, for both supervisees and supervisors, that is embedded in cross-cultural supervision. Background: Our example is an analysis of experiences from a five-year long cross-cultural supervisory relationship between a Tanzanian PhD student and a Norwegian supervisor. Methodology: In the research, we f ...
PhD supervision, cross-cultural supervision, transformative learning, trans-culturation, action research
441 - 456
A Measure of Intra-University Collaboration: Faculty Gender Imbalance on Doctoral Dissertation Committees in Engineering Disciplines
Aim/Purpose: This article presents an analysis of female faculty representation on dissertation committees in comparison to the percentage of women faculty in departments of engineering in 2013 and 2014. Background: Collaboration is an indication of a robust research program, and the consequences of collaboration may benefit one’s academic career in numerous ways. Gender bias, however, may impede ...
gender bias, gender imbalance, doctoral committee, collaboration
457 - 469
Aim/Purpose: In this paper, we examine how first-year education doctoral (EdD) students in a peer mentoring program may be supported in the academic and psychosocial domains to increase timely degree completion, decrease attrition, and improve the EdD program for students and faculty. Background: EdD students often face unique trials based on academic, social, professional, and personal challenge ...
doctoral program, EdD, education doctorate, mentee, mentor, peer mentoring, program evaluation
471 - 495
Does Family Matter? A Phenomenological Inquiry Exploring the Lived Experiences of Women Persisting in Distance Education, Professional Doctoral Programs
Aim/Purpose: The qualitative study aims to examine the lived experiences of women persisting in the distance; professional doctoral degrees as they seek to integrate and balance their family of origin and current family system with their development as scholars. Background: A vital reason many women choose not to drop out of their doctoral programs is that they experience conflict between their i ...
distance education, women, doctoral education, work-family balance, work-family borders, persistence, family of origin, family system
497 - 515
A Phenomenological Study of Attrition from a Doctoral Cohort Program: Changes in Feelings of Autonomy and Relatedness in the Dissertation Stage
Aim/Purpose: This study examined why Ed.D students discontinued their doctoral programs during the dissertation phase as well as how a student’s needs of autonomy, relatedness, and competence were met during different stages of the program. Background: Time to complete the doctoral degree continues to increase. Between 40-60% of doctoral students are making the decision to discontinue work toward ...
retention, attrition, doctoral program, cohort, self-determination theory
517 - 537
Aim/Purpose: This article demonstrates how experiences of a supervisee can become foundational in carving a career identity of PhD supervisors. The purpose of the article is to analyze how South African emerging supervisors could carve a career identity as PhD supervisors. Background: This article uses an autoethnographic case study to address the problem of experiences of poverty, marginalizatio ...
autoethnography, career identity, PhD supervision, philosophy, reflexivity
539 - 557
Volume 12, 2017
Table of Contents for the International Journal of Doctoral Studies, Volume 12, 2017
IJDS, International Journal of Doctoral Studies, PhD
i - iii
Aim/Purpose: This paper considers the role of supervisors’ discipline expertise in doctoral learning from a student perspective. Background: Doctoral students need to develop expertise in a particular field of study. In this context, developing expertise requires doctoral students to master disciplinary knowledge, conventions and scholarship under the guidance of supervisors. Methodology : T ...
discipline expertise, research expertise, doctoral students, PhD students, supervisors, doctoral learning support, student-supervisor fit
1 - 16
Aim/Purpose: This article offers a conceptual summary and critique of existing literature on doctoral writing and emotion. The article seeks to intervene in current debates about doctoral writing by re-positioning it as an affective-political practice Background: Over recent decades public interest in the doctorate has expanded as it has become re-framed as a key component of national success ...
affect, affective-politics, doctoral writing, doctoral education, emotion, neoliberalism
17 - 32
Aim/Purpose: Enrollment in online doctoral programs has grown over the past decade. A sense of community, defined as feelings of closeness within a social group, is vital to retention, but few studies have explored how online doctoral students create community. Background: In this qualitative case study, I explore how students in one online doctoral program created a learning community. Me ...
community, online learning, virtual classrooms, cohort, social network, socialization
33 - 48
Women in Distance Doctoral Programs: How They Negotiate Their Identities As Mothers, Professionals, and Academics In Order to Persist
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explain how Distance Education women EdD students who are mothers balanced and integrated their multiple identities (e.g., mother, student, professional) to persist. Background: It is well documented that parenting students experience higher levels of stress and pressure during their degree pursuit than their non-parenting counterparts. It is also ...
doctoral education, persistence, female identity, academic identity, distance education
49 - 72
Aim/Purpose: This paper examined the balance and meaning of two types of experiences in the day-to-day activity of doctoral students that draw them into academia and that move them away from academia: ‘feeling like an academic and belonging to an academic community;’ and ‘not feeling like an academic and feeling excluded from an academic community.’ Background: As students navigate doctoral wo ...
doctoral education, academic culture, workplace learning, doctoral students’ academic activities
73 - 90
Aim/Purpose: Both the quality and the quantity of doctoral supervision have been identified as central determinants of the doctoral journey. However, there is a gap in our understanding of how supervision activities are associated with lack of wellbeing, such as burnout, and also to completion of the studies among doctoral students. Background: The study explored doctoral students’ perceptions ...
doctoral education, supervision, supervisory activities, burnout
91 - 106
Aim/Purpose: We show a new dimension to the process of using design-based research approach in doctoral dissertations. Background: Design-based research is a long-term and concentrated approach to educational inquiry. It is often a recommendation that doctoral students should not attempt to adopt this approach for their doctoral dissertations. In this paper, we document two doctoral dissertatio ...
design based research, doctoral study, doctoral dissertation
107 - 121
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of this work is to develop more nuanced understandings of the PhD by publication, particularly raising awareness of the retrospective PhD by publication. The article aims to contribute to contemporary debates about the differing pathways to the attainment of doctoral study completion and the artifacts submitted for that purpose. It also seeks to support prospective graduat ...
PhD by publication, doctoral studies, PhD by published works, PhD by pub-lished papers
123 - 135
Quantitative Preparation in Doctoral Education Programs: A Mixed-Methods Study of Doctoral Student Perspectives on their Quantitative Training
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to explore student perceptions of their own doctoral-level education and quantitative proficiency. Background: The challenges of preparing doctoral students in education have been discussed in the literature, but largely from the perspective of university faculty and program administrators. The current study directly explores the student voice on t ...
quantitative proficiency, doctoral education, exploratory mixed-methods
137 - 156
Doctoral Students’ Social Support Profiles and Their Relationship to Burnout, Drop-Out Intentions, and Time to Candidacy
Aim/Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to better understand the individual variations in supervisory and researcher community support among doctoral students by analyzing the social support profiles of Finnish doctoral students. The differences among the profiles, in terms of satisfaction with supervision, experienced burnout, time to candidacy and disciplinary background were also examine ...
doctoral education, supervision, burnout, satisfaction, drop-out intentions
157 - 173
Exploring Mature-Aged Students’ Motives for Doctoral Study and their Challenges: A Cross Border Research Collaboration
Aim/Purpose: It aimed at investigating the motives and challenges of 15 mature-aged doctoral students at two education faculties in Australian and Asian contexts. Background: This cross-border research collaboration investigated the first international higher-research forum between two education faculties in Hong Kong and Australia. Methodology: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was ...
mature-aged doctoral students, motivation, doctoral program design, cross border research collaboration, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
175 - 195
Focusing the Lens to Share the Story: Using Photographs and Interviews to Explore Doctoral Students’ Sense of Well-being
Aim/Purpose: This study explores PhD students’ transition into graduate school, which can be a challenging experience for many. Background: Using photographs and in-depth interviews, this study provides nuanced insight into influences on first-year PhD students’ lived experiences, with a specific focus on these students’ perceptions of doctoral student well-being. Methodology: Twenty-nine first- ...
PhD students, well-being, volunteer employed photography
197 - 217
Aim/Purpose: Much has been written in academia about the meaningful relationship between doctoral students and their respective dissertation chairs. However, an often-overlooked benefit of the dissertation research process as a whole is its potential to professionally and personally transform the capacities of all concerned – the doctoral candidate, mentor/major professor, and committee. Backgrou ...
doctoral education, PhD supervision, scholarly leadership, mentorship, experi-ential learning
219 - 249
Aim/Purpose: The purpose of our study was to gain a better understanding of the factors that contribute to graduate student sense of belonging and gain insights into differences in sense of belonging for different groups of students. Background: Sense of belonging, or the feeling that a person is connected to and matters to others in an organization, has been found to influence college student r ...
sense of belonging, graduate education, underrepresented minority students
251 - 279
Volume 11, 2016
Printable Table of Contents for IJDS Volume 11, 2016
IJDS, Table of Contents, International Journal of Doctoral Studies
i - iii
This article draws on findings from a broad study on the influences of globalization on the experiences of international doctoral students at a large, research intensive Canadian university. It focuses specifically on these students’ lived experiences of change in their national identities and senses of belonging in a globalizing world. Using a qualitative, multiple case narrative approach, stud ...
international doctoral students, transnationalism, graduate education, globalization, identity, belonging
1 - 14
Stage-Based Challenges and Strategies for Support in Doctoral Education: A Practical Guide for Students, Faculty Members, and Program Administrators
Studies of doctoral education have included an interest not only in processes, structures, and outcomes, but also in students’ experiences. There are often useful recommendations for practice within individual examinations of the doctoral experience, yet there remains a need to strengthen the application of lessons from research to the behaviors of students and others engaged in the doctoral proce ...
doctoral education, doctoral student experiences, faculty members, administrators, challenges, strategies for success
15 - 34
The primary aim of this study was to better understand the antecedents of doctoral students’ emotional well-being, and their plans to leave academia. Based on past research, antecedents included departmental support, the quality of the supervisory relationship, and characteristics of the supervisory relationship. We used a mixed-methods study, and surveyed 186 doctoral students from nine countries ...
doctoral students, emotional exhaustion, attrition, support, supervision
35 - 61
Generating Benefits and Negotiating Tensions through an International Doctoral Forum: A Sociological Analysis
Workshops and seminars are widely-used forms of doctoral training. However, research with a particular focus on these forms of doctoral training is sporadic in the literature. There is little, if any, such research concerning the international context and participants’ own voices. Mindful of these lacunae in the literature, we write the current paper as a group of participants in one of a series o ...
International doctoral forum, Bourdieu, capital, field, power relations, autobiography
63 - 85
A key aspect of the effective supervision of PhD research is the supervisor-student relationship. This interaction is affected by the characteristics and needs of students and institutional conditions, as well as the skills, attitudes, and roles of supervisors and their supervisory styles. When supervision is carried out at a distance, it entails an additional challenge, mainly concerning interact ...
postgraduate research supervision, distance supervision, PhD supervision, supervisory styles, supervisor attitudes and roles, supervisor-student relationship
87 - 103
This paper presents quantitative results of a comparative study evaluating the management skills of doctoral candidates working toward a PhD and additional information related to their lifestyles. We conducted a survey among enrolled doctoral candidates at five universities in Israel and three technological universities in Western Europe. 1013 Israeli candidates and 457 Western European candidates ...
Doctoral research management, Adviser-candidate relationship, Doctoral education
105 - 125
Currently the study of higher education has been referred to as a multidisciplinary field. Consensus is continuing to evolve regarding both what is considered the appropriate coursework and the foundational knowledgebase of this field. The study of higher education is maturing and has the potential to transition from being seen as a field to being respected as an academic discipline. The purpose o ...
Academic Curriculum, Doctoral Education, Higher Education as a Field of Study
127 - 146
Today’s educational practitioners are expected to know how to gather, analyze, and report on data for accountability purposes and to use that information to improve student outcomes. However, there is little understanding of how to support practitioners’ learning of and engagement with research and few studies on the research experiences of students enrolled in Doctorate of Education (EdD) program ...
Doctoral students, practitioner-researcher, research skills, self-efficacy
147 - 162
An Instructional Management and Leadership doctoral program (IML) incorporated the use of Twitter to examine what this looked like in practice. Did students actually use Twitter, and if so, how frequently, for what purpose(s), and were there differences between students on the pattern of use? Additionally, we sought to determine if Twitter is a legitimate instructional tool and if the use of Twitt ...
Higher Education, Case Study, Social Media, Twitter, Doctoral Cohort, Accelerated program
163 - 183
Using Doctoral Experience Survey Data to Support Developments in Postgraduate Supervision and Support
Provision of both high standards of thesis supervision and high quality research environments are required for doctoral candidates to flourish. An important component of ensuring quality provision of research resources is the soliciting of feedback from research students and the provision from research supervisors and institutions of timely and constructive responses to such feedback. In this manu ...
supervision; surveys; feedback; resource allocation; student evaluation
185 - 203
Making Sense of Participant Experiences: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis in Midwifery Research
Selecting the most appropriate methodology for research as a doctoral student is one of the most important yet difficult decisions. Not only should the methodology suit the research question, it is important that it resonates with the philosophy of one’s discipline and produces needed results that will contribute to knowledge. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is an approach to qualit ...
Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA), doctoral studies, qualitative research, midwifery, individualized care, exclusive breastfeeding
205 - 216
Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A.): A Viable Credential for Faculty in Programmatically Accredited Business Degree Programs?
Is the Doctor of Business Administration (D.B.A) a viable degree option for those wishing a career in academe? The D.B.A. degree is often considered to be a professional degree, in-tended for business practitioners, while the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree is por-trayed as the degree for preparing college or university faculty. Conversely, many academic programs market their D.B.A. programs t ...
Doctor of Business Administration, doctoral degrees, faculty credentials, regional accredita-tion, programmatic accreditation, teaching
217 - 226
There is a need for research exploring postgraduate research students’ expectations from research supervisors, the characteristics of effective student-supervisor relationships, and the opinions of students and supervisors about research supervision. We also need instruments to explore the student-supervisor relationship. The present study investigated postgraduate research students’ and research ...
supervision; effective supervisor; research students’ expectation; supervisors’ expectation; PhD supervision; opinion
227 - 241
This is a report on a qualitative investigation into the challenges and solutions for Information Systems PhD candidature in Australia by conducting a three-phase research process. Information Systems doctoral theses approved within the past 10 years in Australia were identified in three areas of research, using structured evidence-based search and review methods. This was followed by two focus gr ...
PhD candidature, doctoral students, research pathway, information systems, SWOT analysis
243 - 267
Doctoral student retention remains a challenge in higher education with an average attrition rate of 50%. This study focuses on analyzing pre-entry variables of admission for 81 doctoral students admitted to a doctoral program in psychology to determine whether significant associations existed between specific variables in the graduated and withdrawn groups in this cohort with over 48% Hispanic do ...
Doctoral Student Retention, Hispanic Doctoral Students, Retention, Hispanic Serving Institutions, Attrition, Doctoral Completion, Quantitative, Pre-Entry Variables
269 - 284
In spite of tremendous efforts, women are still under-represented in the field of science. Post-graduate education and early tenure track employment are part of the academic career establishment in research and development during periods that usually overlap with family formation. Though women tend to leave science mainly after obtaining their PhD, and the timing of motherhood plays a vital role i ...
PhD, timing of motherhood childbearing, women, uncertainty, life course, engineering
285 - 304
Among the typical dissertation research designs, one particular design that is slowly gaining acceptance is that of the Delphi Method. Using a panel of experts to achieve consensus in solving a problem, deciding the most appropriate course of action, or establishing causation where none previously existed, particularly in areas of business or education research, are uniquely ideal to employment of ...
Delphi, consensus, dissertation research, problem-solving, expert panel, critique
305 - 321
New qualitative research methods continue to emerge in response to factors such as renewed interest in mixed methods, better understanding of the importance of a researcher’s philosophical stance, as well as the increased use of technology in data collection and analysis, to name a few. As a result, those facilitating research methods courses must revisit content and instructional strategies in or ...
qualitative research methods, pragmatism, researcher worldviews, conceptual frameworks, research model
323 - 339
Higher Degree Committee Members’ Perceptions of Quality Assurance of Doctoral Education: A South African Perspective
In South Africa four key policy discourses underpin doctoral education: growth, capacity, efficiency, and quality discourses. This article contributes to the discourse on quality by engaging with quality assurance from the perspective of the decision makers and implementers of macro policy (national), meso (institutional), and micro (faculty/departmental) levels. We explore the perceptions that me ...
higher degree committee members, quality assurance, doctoral education, academic freedom, mode 3 knowledge production, higher education, South Africa
341 - 365
This article describes the experiences and outcomes for 761 doctoral students enrolled at the University of Canterbury who had their research disrupted by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake on 22nd February 2011. We describe the measures that were put in place to assist the students to continue their studies through continued disruption from aftershocks, dislocation, building demolition and remediation, e ...
doctoral studies, doctoral completion, attrition, disasters, supervision
367 - 382
Many PhD candidates bring with them a wealth of knowledge and skills; however, these may not sufficiently prepare candidates to work with high autonomy on a project with often limited interaction with the wider research community. A peer-mentor program model, in which a mentor delivers dyadic and group support to higher degree by research students from different disciplines and backgrounds, has th ...
autoethnography, peer-mentor, reflective practice, teaching as learning, HDR experience
383 - 402
American society faces complex educational issues which impact many facets of its national interests. Institutions of higher education are granting doctoral degrees to educational leaders, but it is not known to what extent their dissertation topics are aligned with both longstanding and critical issues in education. Using a theoretical framework synthesizing Paul and Elder’s critical thinking mo ...
dissertation topics, EdD and PhD dissertations, critical issues in education, doctoral supervision, selection of dissertation topics
403 - 417
The Flip Side of the Attrition Coin: Faculty Perceptions of Factors Supporting Graduate Student Success
Doctoral attrition consistently hovers around 50% with relevant literature identifying several mediating factors, including departmental culture, student demographics, and funding. To advance this literature, we interviewed 38 graduate faculty advisors in science, engineering, or mathematics disciplines at a research-extensive university to capture their perceptions of factors supporting graduate ...
faculty mentorship, graduate student development, graduate student motivation
419 - 439
Community-based research (CBR) is an advanced form of academic service-learning through which university students, faculty, and community organizations collaborate to conduct inquiry projects aimed at producing social change. Despite its potential for advancing learning in graduate studies, little research exists on CBR implementations or outcomes in doctoral programs. This study examined the effe ...
community-based research, academic service-learning, doctoral student development, education doctorate, educational leadership, cooperative learning, experiential learning, pro-ject-based learning
441 - 465
The purpose of the present study is to explore the “misfits” occurring between doctoral students and their supervisors. More precisely, we investigate the types of incongruences that occur, whether and how they are regulated and their consequences on students’ outcomes. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 21 former PhD students (8 completers and 13 non-completers). Results show that, when f ...
PhD students, doctoral attrition, supervisor support, fit, coping
467 - 486
Volume 10, 2015
Printable table of contents for the International Journal of Doctoral Studies, Volume 10, 2015
i - iii
Exploring Graduate Students’ Attitudes towards Team Research and Their Scholarly Productivity: A Survey Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior
This study explores the attitudinal and motivational factors underlying graduate students’ attitudes towards team research. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior, we hypothesize that attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control are three major determinants of graduate students’ intentions to conduct team research. An instrument was developed to measure the influences of these f ...
graduate student, team research, scholarly productivity, the theory of planned behavior, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, intention
1 - 17
The Relationship between School/Department Rankings, Student Achievements, and Student Experiences: The Case of Psychology
What predicts academic success during graduate school? What are the experiences of graduate students in terms of happiness, stress level, relationships in the program, and feelings of autonomy/competence? Responses from 3,311 graduate students from all psychological disciplines in the US and Canada were collected to answer questions involving (1) the relationship between student-level variables an ...
department rankings, students, publications, happiness, life satisfaction
19 - 37
In many Western countries, higher education has experienced a cultural change as a result of increased budgetary constraints, calls for greater accountability, and the greater competition for students. This development has had a profound influence on the working conditions of academic staff and on knowledge production in general at universities. The education of PhD students is no exception. Howev ...
PhD supervision, Practice of PhD supervisors, Knowledge production, Doctoral student education, Working conditions for academic staff
39 - 55
Gaps between expectations and actual educational experience may influence motivation, learning and performance. The graduate college experience (GCE) is shrouded in myth and legend that may create unrealistic expectations, while its reality includes elements of politics, economics and organizational psychology. This study examined 1,629 present and former graduate students’ perceptions of what the ...
Graduate education, graduate school expectations, attrition, graduate student satisfaction, program improvement
57 - 77
As Internet usage becomes more commonplace, researchers are beginning to explore the use of email interviews. Email interviews have a unique set of tools, advantages, and limitations, and are not meant to be blind reproductions of traditional face-to-face interview techniques. Email interviews should be implemented when: 1) researchers can justify email interviews are useful to a research project; ...
Millennials, email interviewing, Gadamerian Hermeneutical Phenomenology, mixed-use communities
79 - 92
Instruction in research methods, particularly statistical training, is an essential requirement for most higher education advanced-degree students. However, results from the institutional survey reported here demonstrate that many faculty in schools of education still do not require or offer a variety of research and analysis courses to provide this training. This article will explore graduate-lev ...
research courses; statistics courses; requirements in doctoral programs; requirements in Master’s programs
93 - 110
Doctoral students have often been described as apprentices engaged in workplace learning. Further, assumptions are frequently made in the literature about the common nature of such learning experiences, e.g., in the sciences, research-related practices are learned in a lab within the supervisor’s program and team. A few recent studies of the science doctoral experience have challenged this view ar ...
Science doctoral experience, research-related practices, workplace learning, PhD workplaces
111 - 128
Organic Collaborative Teams: The Role of Collaboration and Peer to Peer Support for Part-Time Doctoral Completion
With doctoral completion rates hovering around 50%, students, faculty and institutions are seeking methods for improvement. This narrative inquiry examined the impact of collaboration and peer to peer experiences on doctoral completion of three peers in a part-time doctoral program. Prior to this inquiry, minimal research existed on the impact of peer to peer support and collaboration on doctoral ...
Peer to peer support, part-time doctoral completion, organic collaboration, intentional relational learning, narrative inquiry, group dynamics
129 - 142
On Utilizing Grounded Theory in Business Doctoral Research: Guidance on the Research Design, Procedures, and Challenges
Grounded theory is a powerful and rigorous theory building methodology that has attracted considerable interest in business research; however, it is a challenging endeavour especially for novice researchers and in particular at the doctoral level. Although several researchers have attempted to clarify the cannons of various grounded theory approaches, still there is a shortage in guidance for doct ...
Research methodology, Qualitative Research, Grounded Theory, corporate governance, Doctoral research
143 - 166
Increasingly doctoral candidates are attempting to complete a thesis by publication. This format varies between universities but there are common issues particularly in terms of progression, planning and timing. There are both advantages and difficulties involved in undertaking a thesis in this format. Our discussion of the supervisor/candidate partnership is framed within the requirements of a ti ...
Doctoral supervision, thesis with publication, cognitive apprenticeship, mentoring, building trust, shared autophenomenography
167 - 185
There are relentless calls for innovation in higher education programs in response to media and policy-makers attention to such concerns as instructional quality, relevance to employment, costs, and time-to-degree. At the same time, the individual course remains the primary unit of instruction and there is little evidence of faculty development strategies to assist with changing core instructional ...
Faculty development, doctoral programs, reform, innovation, leadership
187 - 198
Rethinking the Structure of Student Recruitment and Efforts to Increase Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Doctoral Education
While researchers, institutional leaders, and policymakers have made significant progress towards increasing undergraduate student diversity in the United States, diversity in graduate education has been less often studied and a more challenging goal on which to make progress. This qualitative study explores the roles and work of graduate diversity officers (GDOs) in student recruitment activitie ...
diversity, recruitment, administration, graduate education, United States
199 - 216
The Voice of PhD Candidates and PhD Supervisors. A Qualitative Exploratory Study amongst PhD Candidates and Supervisors to Evaluate the Relational Aspects of PhD Supervision in the Netherlands
PhD trajectories are important to universities, as these contribute to the increase in knowledge and output. Therefore, they aim to decrease the completion time and dropout. This article reports on our survey amongst PhD candidates and supervisors of the Graduate School CAPHRI, Maastricht University, The Netherlands. We investigated interpersonal aspects of coaching and (implicit) assumptions on ...
Quality of PhD supervision, Hurdles and success factors related to PhD supervision, Supervision of PhD candidates, Exploratory qualitative study, Communication in PhD supervision
217 - 235
“How do I get From Here to There?” An Examination of Ph.D. Science Students’ Career Preparation and Decision Making
Drawing on developmental networks theory, this qualitative research study explores the professional preparation and career decision-making processes of doctoral students in the sciences. The study is based on 95 semi-structured interviews with informants at three research universities in the United States. Though many students were interested in non-academic career tracks, they were largely unawa ...
Ph.D. students, career preparation, decision-making processes, doctoral students, science students
237 - 256
Business Professional Doctoral Programs: Student Motivations, Educational Process, and Graduate Career Outcomes
The emerging body of research on business professional doctoral programs has focused primarily on the programs’ composition and management, offering limited insight into students’ motivations and the impact the degree has on graduates and their careers. However, understanding these student motivations and career impacts is valuable for several reasons. In addition to helping future candidates asse ...
Professional doctorates, careers of professional doctoral graduates, motivations of professional doctoral students, doctoral education process
257 - 278
Using Social Media and Targeted Snowball Sampling to Survey a Hard-to-reach Population: A Case Study
Response rates to the academic surveys used in quantitative research are decreasing and have been for several decades among both individuals and organizations. Given this trend, providing doctoral students an opportunity to complete their dissertations in a timely and cost effective manner may necessitate identifying more innovative and relevant ways to collect data while maintaining appropriate ...
sampling hard-to-reach populations, snowball sampling, sampling from social media, response rate, LinkedIn
279 - 299
The Impact of Community for Part-Time Doctoral Students: How Relationships in the Academic Department Affect Student Persistence
This study examines the ways that part-time Ph.D. students develop community within the academic department and how a sense of community is related to persistence. This study included 12 participants (ten students and two program chairs) in two academic departments at one urban research institution. This qualitative study followed a descriptive case study design and provided three levels of data: ...
doctoral education, part-time Ph.D. students, community, graduate study, persistence
301 - 321
The study explored features of an educational doctoral program that enhances doctoral student success. Doctoral student success is defined broadly to include not only completion and retention rates, but also the ability of the program to produce effective scholars in the field. The study utilized a mixed-method approach, incorporating quantitative and qualitative data from both alumni and current ...
mentorship, doctoral programs, research engagement, doctoral student success, formation of scholars, retention rates
323 - 342
Doctoral Advisor-Advisee Pairing in STEM Fields: Selection Criteria and Impact of Faculty, Student and Departmental Factors
Unlike the doctoral programs in places where students are paired with advisors at the time of admission itself, most US programs require the students to choose their advisors, and the advisors to formally accept the students as advisees. Little research has been done to understand how students and faculty approach this mutual selection and pairing process. This paper examines this process in STEM ...
Doctoral education, advisor/advisee selection, gender, nationality, career stage
343 - 363
When Novice Researchers Adopt Constructivist Grounded Theory: Navigating Less Travelled Paradigmatic and Methodological Paths in PhD Dissertation Work
Graduate students considering constructivist grounded theory as a qualitative methodological approach may benefit from recognizing the many challenges they could face when embarking in thesis work. These challenges include great diversity in approaches to grounded theory, lack of congruity in how grounded theory methodology is described and understood within the literature, and a dearth of experti ...
qualitative research, constructivist grounded theory, graduate students, methodology, grounded theory
365 - 383
This article examines the questions of professional identity formulation and the possibilities of young scholars to reflect on these processes. Relying on insights of collaborative autoethnography, this article is based on a four year long process of exploring our ways of participating in the community of academic practice. This process is studied through discussing various metaphors related to ac ...
professional identity, metaphors, collaborative autoethnography, participation, young re-searchers, doctoral students
385 - 398
Examining the Relationship between the Research Training Environment, Course Experiences, and Graduate Students’ Research Self-Efficacy Beliefs
This study examined the relationship between graduate students’ research training environment, course experience, and research self-efficacy beliefs. The findings of the descriptive and regression analyses suggest that graduate students’ (n = 161) general research, quantitative, and qualitative research self-efficacy beliefs varied and that these beliefs were related to different aspects of the r ...
graduate student, professional development, research, self-efficacy, training
399 - 418
Crossing International Boundaries through Doctoral Partnerships: Learnings from a Chinese-Australian Forum
International forums for doctoral students offer a fertile context for developing strategic partnerships between higher education institutions, as well as for building the intercultural capacity of early career academics. However, there is limited research investigating the benefits of international doctoral forum partnerships. This paper presents learnings from a recent international doctoral for ...
Australia, China, international, doctoral forum, boundary crossing, collaboration, university, case study
419 - 438
Doctoral Supervision in the Light of the Three Types of Support Promoted in Self-Determination Theory
The purpose of the present study was twofold. First, we used the three types of support depicted in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) (structure, involvement and autonomy support) to examine supervision practices in the doctoral context. Conversely, we used this material to discuss the theory and suggest new developments to it. To this end, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 21 former Ph ...
Doctoral students, PhD, supervision, supervisor, self-determination theory, qualitative
439 - 464
‘Our Breadcrumb Trail through the Woods’: Reflections on the Use of a Secret Facebook Group as a Strategy for Surviving and Thriving on the Doctoral Journey
This article explores the value of attending to the emotional side of the doctoral journey by focusing on the use of a ‘secret’ Facebook group amongst a cohort of EdD (Professional Doctorate in Education) students at one English university. Presented as a piece of action research in which the participants created an intervention to address a perceived problem and then reflected on its effectivene ...
Reflection, cohort, emotion, social, Facebook, support, secret, professional doctorate, education
465 - 482
Creating a “Safe and Supportive Environment:” Mentoring and Professional Development for Recent Black Women Doctoral Graduates
Formal structures that support doctoral student socialization are limited, while formal programs for Black women doctoral students specifically are even more scarce. The purpose of this research was to examine an early career professional development program for Black women doctoral students and its influence on the mentoring relationships developed by participants. We conducted individual intervi ...
doctoral student socialization, Black women, mentoring, professional development
483 - 499
While a lack of support has been identified as a contributing factor to non-persistence in graduate studies, there is an absence of literature that matches the provision of specific types of support services with outcomes at the doctoral level. The following questions were addressed in this study: (1) What is the role of institutional support in the persistence and success of graduate students? (2 ...
doctoral students, student development, persistence, student services
501 - 518
The Road to Become a Legitimate Scholar: A Case Study of International PhD Students in Science and Engineering
The purpose of the doctoral education process is to create and legitimize scholarly researchers. This transformation, from student to scholar, is widely discussed in the literature. However, recent rapid changes in university culture have resulted in less time for supervision, stricter completion deadlines, and a greater focus on efficiency and productivity. This has had an impact on this transiti ...
Legitimate scholar, independence, interdependence, international PhD students, knowledge production
519 - 533
Using Interpretive Qualitative Case Studies for Exploratory Research in Doctoral Studies: A Case of Information Systems Research in Small and Medium Enterprises
The use of the case study method has gained mainstream acceptance in both entrepreneurship and information systems research to develop conceptual and theoretical models that are novel, yet grounded in the literature. In spite of many texts on the case study method and the growing acceptance and use of thereof, there are relatively few examples that discuss how to apply the case study method. The p ...
case study method, qualitative methods, interpretive research paradigm, exploratory research, theory building, semi-structured interviews, information systems, IS, entrepreneurship, small and medium enterprises, SMEs
535 - 550
Volume 9, 2014
i - iii
1 - 20
21 - 42
43 - 60
61 - 71
73 - 83
85 - 107
109 - 136
137 - 154
155 - 179
181 - 203
205 - 227
229 - 247
249 - 270
271 - 291
293 - 308
309 - 327
329 - 346
347 - 360
Volume 8, 2013
i - iii
1 - 20
21 - 37
39 - 59
61 - 81
83 - 104
105 - 120
121 - 136
137 - 150
151 - 172
173 - 193
195 - 215
Volume 7, 2012
i - iv
v - vi
1 - 17
19 - 37
39 - 62
63 - 78
79 - 92
93 - 124
125 - 142
143 - 152
153 - 166
167 - 198
199 - 219
221 - 234
235 - 244
245 - 258
259 - 277
279 - 309
311 - 329
331 - 348
349 - 375
377 - 394
395 - 414
Volume 6, 2011
v - vii
1 - 17
19 - 32
33 - 49
51 - 77
79 - 94
95 - 114
115 - 134
Volume 5, 2010
v - vii
1 - 13
15 - 27
29 - 37
39 - 53
55 - 77
79 - 92
93 - 95
Volume 4, 2009
iii - v
1 - 11
13 - 25
27 - 57
59 - 75
77 - 96
97 - 106
Volume 3, 2008
iii - iv
1 - 18
19 - 30
31 - 42
43 - 58
59 - 79
81 - 83
Volume 2, 2007
ii - iii
1 - 8
9 - 21
23 - 32
33 - 49
Volume 1, 2006
ii - iii
1 - 19
21 - 33
35 - 44